## Jupiter, the 5th Planet from the Sun.

The other day my son brought home his science work, which stated that Jupiter, the 5th planet from the Sun, had an orbit of 778.5 million km from it. That was pretty astonishing given that the Sun’s surface temperature is 5778K and that 5778 is the year the tzaddikim have prophesied for the final redemption (Geula), and that the Earth’s hundred-year average temperature is swiftly approaching 57.78 degrees F. So I looked it up:

Semi-major axis 778,547,200 km (5.204267 AU) 0.048775

Thanks to wikipedia, I quickly learned that my son’s teacher was correct, and that Jupiter’s eccentricity is .048775, which also includes 5778 just in reverse order.

We’ll get into the significance of the temperature soon in a larger article on the important subject, but I just wanted to throw out the question why Jupiter (Zedek)?

What is the spiritual and physical relationship that binds Jupiter to the Sun and to us on Earth that it was undeniably tied into the Divine Calendar which counts the 5778 times the Earth will have circled the Sun from Adam to Moshiach (the Messiah) and the 3330 times since the reception of the Torah at Sinai?

Please note in the information supplied by wikipedia (and re-verified) that the Sun has a mass approximately 333,000 times Earth’s.

Moreover, Jupiter has the same density as the Sun and its radius is 1/10th that of the Sun and its mass 1/1000th.

To further aid us in determining the spiritual link between the Earth, Sun and Jupiter is the wiki-fact that while Jupiter (the 5th planet) is much larger volume-wise than the Earth its mass is only 318 times as great, and that 318 is both the number of men Abraham sent to battle the 5 Kings and is the sum of the initials of the 5 parts of the soul.

Oh, and Jupiter’s magnetic field is 4.2 gauss (0.42 mT) at the equator, 14 times as strong as Earth’s, which is interesting given that the tzaddim have said that the understanding of the 42-Letter Name of G-d is what will held bring about the final redemption.

That’s enough from me. So why Jupiter?

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the Solar System

Although this planet dwarfs the Earth with a diameter 11 times as great, it is considerably less dense. Jupiter’s volume is equal to 1,321 Earths, yet the planet is only 318 times as massive.[5][21] Jupiter has a radius equal to 0.10 times the radius of the Sun,[22] and has a mass of 0.001 times the mass of the Sun, making them approximately equal in density.

Jupiter’s broad magnetic field is 14 times as strong as the Earth’s,  4.2 gauss (0.42 mT) at the equator.

The solar mass (), 1.98892×1030
kg, is the standard unit of mass in astronomy, used to indicate the masses of other stars and galaxies. It is equal to the mass of the Sun, about two nonillion kilograms or about 332,950 times the mass of the Earth or 1,048 times the mass of Jupiter.

The first person to estimate the mass of the Sun was Isaac Newton, a known Kabbalist. In his work Principia, he estimated that the ratio of the mass of the Earth to the Sun was about 1/28,700. Later he determined that this value was based upon a faulty value for the solar parallax, which was used to estimate the distance to the Sun (1 AU). He revised his result to obtain a ratio of 1/169,282 in the third edition of the Principia. The current value for the solar parallax is smaller still, giving the correct mass ratio of 1/332,946.[5]

## The Secret Behind the Prayer of Jabez

The Prayer of Jabez was popularized in a book by that name that came out about 8 years ago and sold millions of copies, promising prosperity, etc if you just recite it.  There probably weren’t millions of instant millionaires as a result, because the universe doesn’t work that way and neither does that specific prayer.

The prayer is useful in certain circumstances, which is why we’re explaining it today. Meanwhile, the most powerful prayer (meditation) we’ve been given for prosperity and for everything else for that matter is the Ana B’koach (42-Letter Name of God) and that one is designed to work with us, to help us when we are putting in the effort, not as a replacement for our effort.

“And Yaavetz called to the G-d of Israel, saying, ‘If You bless me and increase my border, and Your hand is with me that You save me from harm, so as not to sadden [eitzev] me…'” (1 Chronicles 4:10)

To understand how this prayer works, what it does and why, we need the help and explanations of the Arizal, who takes us through the various incarnations of Moses’ brother, Aaron, the only person the Torah associates with the term Moshiach (anointed one). We will only examine the relevant window on those important incarnations that stretch from Abel to Haran (Abraham’s brother) to Elijah, but please explore the rest on your own in the Gates of Reincarnation, Shaar HaPesukim; which was subsequently published in “Apples From the Orchard.”

Please note that prior to being reincarnated as Aaron, this illustrious soul was killed in the body as Haran, by the fires that spared Abraham, whose belief in God was unwavering. Please note further that it was Haran was the progenitor of all the Matriarchs from Sarah to Rebeca (Rivka) to Rachel and Leah and to Ruth, King David and Mashiach, the Messiah.

The following quote from the Arizal refers to the time just after the golden calf incident:

Therefore it is written (Deut. 9:20), “And G-d was angry at Aaron, and sought to wipe him out,” and death was decreed on his sons. As it is written, “And intended to wipe them out, were it not that Moses, His chosen, [stood before Him in the breech to return His wrath from destroying].” (Psalms 106:23) Nonetheless, “returning wrath” implies that the wrath had already had some effect, and this was indeed the case here.

Our sages state (Vayikra Rabba 10:5) that “‘wiping out’ implies destroying progeny,” and Moses’ prayers turned back half of the decree. Thus, of Aaron’s four sons, Elazar and Itamar remained, and only Nadav and Avihu died. Our sages point out that this is the meaning of the verse “And [Moses] became angry at Elazar and Itamar, [Aaron’s] remaining sons.” (Lev. 10:17)

The reason why specifically Nadav and Avihu died is that they, too, sinned with respect to foreign fire.

Still, they would not have been liable to death by burning on account of their sin alone, but [being Aaron’s sons] they were liable to be burnt on account of his sin in not submitting himself to be burnt

Aaron had to make amends (correct his tikun established in the life as Haran) for not submitting himself unwaveringly as had Abraham to the flames. During the incident of the golden calf Aaron could have done this by refusing to help the Erev Rav as his nephew Hur had.  Hur was killed because of said refusal. The lesson here is that regardless of what we think we know, we must belief that God knows more and has the best intentions for us and not to waver in those beliefs

The combination of both [their own sin and their father’s] caused their death, and thus G-d’s wrath found its place to rest. In the case of Elazar and Itamar, however, who did not sin, Moses’ prayer was effective.

Understand this, as well: Just as Haran was burnt and died during the lifetime of his father, Terah, so did Nadav and Avihu die during the lifetime of their father, Aaron, by fire.

After Aaron died he was reincarnated as Yaavetz, who is mentioned in the book of Chronicles (1 2:55). The reason why he was called this is because the curse of Eve was “in sadness shall you bear children,” (Gen. 3:16) and that of Adam was “in sadness shall you eat it.” (Gen.3:17) In the Zohar 2:219b it is said that the phrase “in sadness shall you bear children” is the mystical meaning of “sin crouches at the door,” (Gen. 4:7), referring to the shells [kelipot, negativity] of the world of Asiya, which are called “sadness” and “sin that crouches at the door.” And it is known that the kelipot have dominion only in the world of Asiya.

The Arizal is alluding to the fact that the name Yaavetz (yud-ayin-beit-tzadik) includes the letters that compose the word for “sadness” (eitzev, ayin-tzadik-beit).

As we have explained elsewhere, Nadav and Avihu were the aspect of nefesh of the soul of Adam. This sadness ruled over them, and they therefore died in the sin of their father, Aaron.

Therefore Yaavetz prayed: “And Yaavetz called to the G-d of Israel, saying, ‘If You bless me and increase my border, and Your hand is with me that You save me from harm, so as not to sadden [eitzev] me…'” (1 Chronicles 4:10) In other words, he prayed that his sons should no longer die in his lifetime, as they had when he had been incarnated as Aaron [and Haran]. [The verse continues:] “…and God fulfilled that which he had requested.” His children and students endured, as our sages have pointed out. For this reason he was called Yaavetz. (Mishnah Temurah 16a)

So what does the prayer of Yaavetz (Jabez) have to do with prosperity? Nothing. It is a powerful prayer to help your children. And when Aaron recited it incarnated as Yaavetz he was helping us and helping to bring about Moshiach for us.

When we can recite it, especially in Hebrew, we can do so as Yaavetz had: “he prayed that his sons should no longer die in his lifetime.”

(1 Chronicles 4:10)

ויקרא יעבץ לאלהי ישראל לאמר אם־ברך תברכני והרבית את־גבולי והיתה ידך עמי  ועשית מרעה לבלתי עצבי ויבא אלהים את אשר־שאל׃

With Vowels:

ַיִּקְרָא יַעְבֵּץ לֵאלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר אִם־בָּרֵךְ תְּבָרֲכֵנִי וְהִרְבִּיתָ אֶת־גְּבוּלִי וְהָיְתָה יָדְךָ עִמִּי וְעָשִׂיתָ מֵּרָעָה לְבִלְתִּי עָצְבִּי וַיָּבֵא אֱלֹהִים אֵת אֲשֶׁר־שָׁאָל׃

If you think your children are in danger, or are ill, please do everything you can physically to help them and also ask G-d’s help through this prayer (above). “…and God fulfilled that which he had requested.” His children and students endured”

Use this prayer to help protect your unborn children as well.  G-d has given us the tools.  Just as the Ana B’koach used properly can help you to conceive (as explained in The Genesis Prayer), this prayer can help you keep your children safe.

One caveat that the Ari explains happened to Yaavetz and in so doing warns us not to do, is to make vows. These will not help your situation–the steadfast belief in G-d’s knowing best and His ability to help you help yourself will.  Vows will just add to your tikun as you’ll eventually have to fulfill them.

B’H, May G-d bless all our children.

## The 8th Day of Chanukah; All the Lights are Lit.

Today is the 8th day of Chanukah, Zot Hanukkah, and the Zohar advises us that whenever we see the word Zot in the Torah, it’s a connection to the end of days, the finale redemption, which we know is really just the beginning or the Tree-of-life reality. Today is the day, all 44 physical lights are lit and blood (DM of value 44) of the judgments (m’damei of value 89, same as Chanukah) are removed. It’s also when all 156 lower spiritual lights are lit, connection us to Zion(of value 156), the point above Jerusalem where all the spiritual energy enters our world, the point also vaguely concealed in the middle of the last (malchut) line of the Ana B’koach (42-letter Name).  It’s also the day when ALL 314 (upper and lower) spiritual lights are revealed connecting us Metatron (314), who opens the gates for us this day. (See Chanukah meditations for how the candles lights remain lit and thus sum to these numbers)

It’s no coincidence the numerical value 156 is found 107 times in the Tanakh, as the sum of all the integers through 107 is 5778, the date given by the tzaddikim for the advent of the tree-of-life reality in our world.

We’ve just finished reading the 8 days of the special Chankuah Torah portions about the sacrifices from Numbers (B’midbar) 7:1-89 and 8:1-4, and while the 89 verses of chapter 7 obviously correspond to the gematria value of Chanukah (89), the 4 verses of chapter 8 correspond to the 4 periods of exile.

One simple way that these two portions are connected is in the sum of their two names. Naso has a numerical value of 351 and BeHa’alothekha has a final value of 1007, which together sum to 1358, or keter (1000) plus 358, the numerical value of Mashiach.

That would be fine and dandy but of little value to us, unless we also knew that encoded into the sacrifices for Chanukah, the festival of lights designed to bring Mashiach, was the date for Moshiach’s arrival.

Before we explain about some of the deeper meanings of the laundry list of sacrifices that were to be made by the 12 tribes in the Mishkan or Holy Temple, we should note the complete numerical value of the “Menorah” found in Chapter 8 in BeHa’alothekha is 359, the numerical value for Satan (the evil inclination) and 359 is also Mashiach in Aramaic, the language of the Zohar.

It’s common that the numerical values represent of the cure and the problem have the same exact value, which is why the Menorah (359) is our cure for overcoming Satan (359) in the same way Moshiach (358) is the cure for the snake (358).  Energy is usually  depicted as a wave so to visualize this picture a symmetrical wave along the X-Axis of a simple X-Y graph whereby the peaks reach 358 units high and the troughs 358 units low. Superimposing the energies cancels one another out.

Back to the sacrifices:1 Silver plate weighing 130 shekels (ShKL); 1 Silver bowl weighing 70 shekels; 1 Gold bowl weighting 10 shekels; 1 Young bull; 1 Ram; 1 male lamb (1 year old); 1 male goat; 2 oxen; 5 rams; 5 male goats; 5 male lambs (1 year old).

You have to admit it’s an odd group of items, but with everything in the Torah, there is always method in the madness. So adding them up, reveals that (130+70+10+1+1+1+1+2+5+5+5) = 231, as in the 231 Gates of Wisdom, which we know from Abraham’s Sefer Yetzirah are the number of pairs of letters that can be made from the 22 letters of the Alef-bet, which he called the 22 building blocks of the universe.

Besides helping us to cancel out the sins that our souls committed when they were joined as one within Adam during the 130 years that he was separated from Eve, the 130 shekels of silver for the plate that we sacrifice each day corresponds to Jacob’s age when he entered Egypt to begin the exile in Egypt. This itself is no coincidence, as his 130 years also served to mitigate that self-same sin of Adams. 130 is also the value of Sinai, where the Israelites received the Torah 210 years later. Of course, if we add together the weight of the silver and gold (representing right and left column energies) we get (130+70+10) = 210.

By way of further explanation, the 70 shekels of silver correspond to the 70 family members with Jacob who entered Egypt. It also represents the 70 nations of the current exile and the year 70 CE when the Second Holy Temple was destroyed and the current exile began. And while the 10 shekels of gold correspond to the 10 Utterances received at Sinai and the 10 Sefirot (dimensions) of the Tree-of-life, the full weight of metals was 210 shekels corresponding to the 210 years of the Egyptian exile.

The value of the word Shekel (ShKL) itself is 430, corresponds to the 430 years of the full first exile from the Covenant of Abraham, which began in 2018 HC and ended with the crossing of the YM Suf and the reception of the Torah at Sinai in 2448 HC.

Nevertheless, a deeper secret within this weight is that “210 shekels (ShKL)” are equivalent to a numerical value of 210 x 430 = 90,300 or 903 x 100, an 903 is the recognized sum of all the positive integers through 42, and since the spiritual tenet that nothing is ever lost is repeated over and over again within the concept of the Chanukah light, 903 is the full inclusive value of 42, encompassing all the energy of the integers that came before it. Going back to our depiction of energy as waves, we can picture 903 as the sum of the peaks of energy level 1, plus that of energy level 2, etc all the way through energy level 42.

As you recall, the Chanukah reading consists of 89 plus 4, or 93 verses, another allusion to 903. Moreover, the word Shekel is repeated 26 times during in the 93 verses of the full reading and is 26 the value of the Tetragrammaton (YHVH).

Furthermore, the word shekel (ShKL) spelled out (gematria milui) is 620, that of keter, the highest, crowning sefira (dimension).  Then in the often repeated phrase amongst these verses, Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh,” the word H’Kodesh (HKDSh) likewise has the gematria milui (spelled-out-value), including the kolel, of 1000, which, as stated above is also representative of keter.

Therefore, the phrase Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh can read as “the crown in the crown at the crown,” or “keter of keter of keter,” which is the highest level imaginable, or unimaginable to be more accurate.

As for the date for the arrival of Moshaich, the word H’kodesh in gematria milui sofit has the numerical value of 2008, as in the recent year 2008 CE, when from a financial standpoint the world began its implosion, when the world’s stock markets declined a collective 42%.

2008 CE would be, of course, 10 years before the prophesied time frame of 2017-2018 CE (5778 HC), and could be accounted for with the kolel, but there is much more concrete evidence that ties the sacrifices much more precisely to this very specific date.

For example, there are 41 combined occurrences of the 3 words in the phrase Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh found in the reading of the sacrifices.  Their average value 5778 , as in the year 5778 HC (2018 CE).

Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh

((15 x 409)+(12×430)+(14×432))/3 – 3 (kolel) = 5778

Then there are also 6 different phrases throughout the sacrifices that have a numerical value of 5777, (representing the year 2017 CE).

Of the 5845 verses in the Torah, there are only 13 incidences where the value of a phrase that occurs wholly within a single verse has the value of 5777 and one of those is verse Numbers 7:87 of the sacrifices. It is the summary verse for all the sacrifices: “…12 young bulls, 12 rams and 12 male lambs a year old, together with their grain offering. 12 male goats….”

This is significant because the geula was prophesied to most probably occur in the period 5777.78 to 5778.28 .

As for the year 5778, amongst the 93 verses of the sacrifices there are 16 occurrences of phrases (defined as a contiguous grouping or words) with the total value of 5778, the last of which is in the final verse of the sacrifices, Numbers 8:4, where we find the 22-word phrase “…the Menorah, just as The Lord Commanded Moses. This is how the menorah was made: It was made from hammered gold…had shown.”

As Volker just revealed to us in the comments to one of our recent blogs the number of verses in the Torah (5845) = the number of days in 16 years or (16 x 365.25 + 1) thus we have yet another deep connection between the Torah and 5778.

Could it be that we are to count 16 years from 9/11/01?

And not coincidentally, the number 84 (or twice 42) represents Pad, redemption, the union of the upper and lower Mem-Bet (42-Letter Names) necessary for the geula.

But possibly even more telling, of the 5845 verses in the Torah, 184 phrases wholly within verses, or 3.14% of the total verses, have a value of 2019, as in 2019 CE, the first year of the new era of Mashiach as prophesied by the tzaddikim. (See Nothing is Random in the Universe for detailed 2019 connection)

And of these 184 phrases, 35 are within the 93 verses of the sacrifices, an unfathomably large percentage. Moreover, 184 is the numerical value of Pkad, which chazal has independently connected to the coming of Mashiach and which we wrote about in a previous blog.

So of the 93 verses of the sacrifices, fully, 42 (1 + 6 = 35) are either connected to the year 2017 (5777), 2018 (5778), or 2019 and another (16 + 41) = 57 times are specifically to 5778 through the repeated occurrences of shekel b’shekel h’kodesh.

42 Times the Sacrifices Connect to 2017-2018-2019

(5778-5779)

and

57 More Times the Sacrifices Connect to5778 (2018)

shekel b’shekel h’kodesh

Let me be clear: There is no statistical possibility that this is coincidence. And if you grabbed a calculator and did the math, you saw that 57/93 = Phi (.6180…).

Even more precisely, it worked out as 57/93 = .612903, or 612 (brit/covenant) and 903, yet another allusion to the mem-bet (42-Letter Name) as described above.

What’s the message?

We now know what to connect to on Chanukah and as we light the candles, but it may be that we’ll have to make sacrifices. But is that a strange concept?  As we’re about to write about the Erev Rav, is would anyone not be willing to make sacrifice to bring Mashiach (the Messiah) and the Tree-of-life reality, and live a life with limitations.

By the way, the 4 verses in Chapter 8 of Bmidbar (BMDBR, which incidentally permutes to (DBR MB, “say the 42″) corresponds to the 4 exiles. And at the end of the 4th exile, we must indeed make sacrifices. Each of the 4 types of animals of the sacrifices had a specific purpose to help the 4 types of man.  But the gold and silver had other significance too: to open up the 231 Gates of Wisdom for us.

The complete value (standard plus ordinal) of silver, representing gevura/judgment or left column energy is 203, as in the first 3 letters of the Torah. And the complete value of gold, representing chesed/loving-kindness, or right column energy, is 28, as in the 28 letters of the Torah’s first verse. All 12 tribes were instructed to give both gold and silver in the weights/proportions described above for the sacrifices.  And just as (130+70+10+1+1+1+1+2+5+5+5) = 231, representing all the sacrifices, the complete values of gold and silver together (28 + 203) = 231 as well.

Not only do these 231 Gates correspond with the 231 letter pair combinations amongst the 22 letters of the alef-bet but 231 is also the sum of the positive integers through 22, just as 903 was for 42.  Gold and silver, money, assets, mean nothing in the achievement of the Tree-of-life reality–it can’t be purchased, but chesed/loving-kindness, and helping one another, these are the commodities that count.

Remember, all the 12 tribes gave equally. The sacrifices are made for the community. It took more than Moses; it took unity to reach the Tree-of-life opportunity last time. And also to build the Holy Temples. And it was disunity that blew the opportunity and crumbled the Temples.

The hope for the community lies in our individual sacrifices for the sake of others, for the sake of our souls. Satan equates to selfish desires; Moshiach to overcoming them.

Happy Chanukah to All!

Chanukah Sameach!

Ezra

## The Mystery of the 1000 Generations

Aisha Torah published this excellent devrai Torah, but we wanted to add a couple notes to help clear up this Talmudic mystery, paradox if you will. We bring this matter up, because we are soon to write about the Erev Rav and their ties to the dating of the final redemption, and some have suggestion that the 974 generations mentioned in Mishna of the 1000 mentioned in Psalms are the original Erev Rav (we’ll get into that in another article).

As you’ll see profoundly discussed below and excerpted from Psalms 105:8-10, there are supposed to be 1000 generations (“He commanded to a thousand generations, the covenant which He made with Abraham, and his oath to Isaac. And confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant.” )

There are also supposed 974 generations created before creation, as excerpted from Chagiga 14, “Rabbi Shimon the Pious said: “These are the nine hundred and seventy four generations who pressed themselves forward to be created before the world was created….”

Readers of this blog and The Divine Calendar know that (1000 -974) = 26 and that in all probability these 26 generations are the 26 generations from Adam to Moses when the Torah was revealed, fulfilling the statement above. but this is only a partial answer.

We also know that the Covenant of Abraham was made in 2018 HC, 70 years after his birth in 1948 and that Israel became a nation in 1948 CE, 70 years before the fulfillment of the Zohar’s prophesy on 2018 CE (5778 HC) when Rav Yehuda Halevi Ashlag advised the Tree-of-life reality would be manifest.

So now let’s look at what was hidden in the 974 generations. First off, it is half 1948, or in other words 974 x 2 years = 1948. And as we learned in our recent article on Miketz and the Final Redemption, the Arizal advised us that “2 years (which Joseph spent in prison) was a hidden secret of when the journey to Moshiach would begin and end. He advised in was in 1976 CE, or as we saw, 42 years before 2018, also give by the gematria of 2 years (ShNTYM YMYM).

It’s simple math that reveals  that (1000 + 974 + 2 years) = 1976, and also that (1000 + 974 – 26 years) = 1948, so it would appear there are indeed hidden codes given to us by King David in Psalms and Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai of blessed memory.

Since everything in creation was created in two parts, we see that 974 years is exactly half the period to the birth of Abraham, and also exactly half the period from the destruction of the Second Holy Temple in 70 CE to 2018 CE (1948/2 years).

We know also, as previously discussed that time is not statics and was greatly compressed in first few days before Adam’s creation and in the 2000 years that the Torah existed before Creation, easily accounting for the 974 generations. Nevertheless, lets say we take the paradox literally, and see how many generations there are until 5778 from the birth of Moses (the 26th generation), in order to complete the 1000 generations. As it turns out from 2368 (Moses’ birth) to 5778, there are precisely 974 generations of 3.5 (three and a half) years.

What is this end of days prophecy is this reminiscent of?

“time, times, and half a time” from Daniel 12:7

And

1290 days = 3.5 years from Daniel 12:11

So there you have it.  There is no real paradox unless you want to take the Torah, Mishna, Tanakh completely literally and disregard what our sages knew that days, months, years, 1000’s and generations are interchangeable reflections of the same spiritual concept. Once you grasp that, you can begin to grasp the reality of the Tree-of-life where there are no physical limitations or illusions.

Happy Chanukah!

From Aisha Torah:

## Bereishit(Genesis 1:1-6:8)

### The First Man

In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And a wind from God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, “Let there be light;” and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day. (Genesis 1:1-5)

With these epic words, the Torah, and indeed the world, begins. The beginning is clouded in mystery, perhaps allegory and allusion. The Mishna (Chagiga 11b) dissuades even the sage from attempting to penetrate the unfathomable.1 Nonetheless, there are hints about the dawn and predawn — or perhaps the term should be twilight — of creation in our tradition.2 When commenting on this Mishna, the Talmud makes an obscure reference:

Rabbi Shimon the Pious said: “These are the nine hundred and seventy four generations who pressed themselves forward to be created before the world was created, but were not created. The Holy One, blessed be He, arose and planted them in every generation, and it is they who are the insolent of each generation.” (Chagiga 13b-14a)3

There are those who were created, yet not created, who were “pressed” or contracted, and placed into future generations.4 Rashi explains this passage by presenting a verse in Psalms:5

He has remembered His covenant forever, the word He commanded to a thousand generations, the covenant which He made with Abraham, and his oath to Isaac. And confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant. (Psalms 105:8-10)

A cursory reading of this verse might lead to the understanding that the Torah is of limited scope and efficacy, for the verse speaks of a “mere” thousand generations. Rashi, however, explains that the Torah was given, not for a thousand generations, but to the thousandth generation. One could have simply attributed the term to vernacular usage and metaphor, citing other poetic uses of the “thousand years” or “thousand generations” coin of speech:

* * *

A THOUSAND

“A thousand” is used in a verse in Ecclesiastes describing the futility of man’s aspirations:

And though he live one thousand years twice told, yet has he seen no good; do not all go to one place? All the labor of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled. (Ecclesiastes 6:6-7)

While we know that God transcends time, the Psalmist nonetheless utilizes this same “thousand” expression to describe Divine time:

A Prayer of Moses, the man of God: Lord, you have been our dwelling place in all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, before you had formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting, You are God. You turn man back to dust; and say, ‘Turn back, O children of men!’ For a thousand years in your sight are but like yesterday when it is past, and like a watch in the night. (Psalms 90:1-4)

Apparently, Rashi did not want to allow the possibility of a misunderstanding, of the suggestion that the Torah has an expiration date — a “shelf life” of one thousand generations. Therefore, Rashi explains that the verse means the word of God was commanded to the “thousandth generation.”6

Rashi did not want to allow the possibility of a misunderstanding that the Torah has an expiration date.

Saying that the Torah was given to the thousandth generation does solve the problem of suggesting that the Torah is limited. On the other hand, a separate problem is presented: When one counts the generations in the Torah from Adam until Moses, far less than a thousand are enumerated. In fact, according to tradition, the Torah was given to the 26th generation.7

Rabbi Joshua ben Levi said: “To what do these twenty-six [verses of] ‘Give thanks’ correspond? To the twenty-six generations which the Holy One, blessed be He, created in His world; though He did not give them the Torah, He sustained them by His love.” (P’sachim 118a)

If the Torah was given to the thousandth generation, yet only twenty-six generations are discernible, nine-hundred seventy-four generations are “missing.” This, according to Rashi, is the lesson of the Talmud.

* * *

CREATED BUT NOT CREATED

According to this approach, both formulations are true: The Torah was given both to the thousandth generation and to the twenty-sixth generation. The solution lies in those who were “created but not created” before the world came into existence.

While this solution works mathematically, the theological implications seem challenging. The passage from the Talmud offered as an “explanation” is difficult to understand.

These are the nine hundred and seventy four generations who pressed themselves forward to be created before the world was created, but were not created. The Holy One, blessed be He, arose and planted them in every generation, and it is they who are the insolent of each generation. (Chagiga 13b-14a)

Were these people created or not? The entire passage seems paradoxical.

NOTES

1. The [subject of] forbidden relations may not be expounded in the presence of three, nor the work of creation in the presence of two, nor [the work of] the chariot in the presence of one, unless he is a sage and understands of his own knowledge. Whosoever speculates upon four things, a pity for him! He is as though he had not come into the world, [to wit], what is above, what is beneath, what before, what after. And whosoever takes no thought for the honor of his Maker, it were a mercy if he had not come into the world. (Chagiga 11b) (return to text)
2. The Torah describes the creation as twilight:
And there was evening and there was morning, one day. (return to text)
3. The Talmud in Shabbat also makes reference to these 974 generations:
R. Joshua b. Levi also said: “When Moses ascended on high, the ministering angels spoke before the Holy One, blessed be He: ‘Sovereign of the Universe! What business has one born of woman amongst us?’ ‘He has come to receive the Torah,’ answered He to them. Said they to Him, ‘That secret treasure, which has been hidden by Thee for nine hundred and seventy-four generations before the world was created.'” (Shabbat 88b) (return to text)
4. According to mystical tradition recorded in the Sefer HaBahir section 195, the souls of the 974 wicked generations are transmigrated into new bodies, who are then judged for deeds performed in the previous life. This is the Bahir’s explanation for theodicy. However, based on the Bahir’s context it sounds as if these people are presently righteous, while the Talmudic version makes these people sound presently wicked. See notes of Rav Reuven Margoliot in the Mosad Harav Kook edition, for other references in Kabbalistic literature. (return to text)