Shakings of the Lulav

Regarding the daily shakening of the four species, they would seem to correspond to (5 sets x 6 directions) the 30 blasts of the shofar, and the numerical gematria value (30) of the large Lamed (connected to Binah) in the Torah. That Lamed connects to the Lamed of Lulav; the Lamed that along with the letter Pe controls the month of Tishrei (Libra) in which we do both the shofar blowings and the shakings; and the lamed of aleph (the first), when the controlling letters of Tishrei are completed (Aleph-Lamed-Pe) and connected to both keter and the beginning, as in Aleph B’Tishrei (permutated to spell Bereshit, the beginning).

With the 3 shakings/direction, corresponding to the 3 beats per type of blast of the shofar, there are 18 total shakings per set, and as Rav Abraham Brandwein points out, “The Lulav hints at the vertebral column that has 18 vertebrae and every movement indicates vitality. Thus all 4 species need to be damp and alive and not dry.” The 18 corresponds to the value of the word, chai, (life). And straightening this connection is that the word value of lulav is 68, as in chaim (life)



With 18 shaking per each of the 5 sets there are 91 total shakings per day, which corresponds to amen and union of G-d’s names that it represents (YHVH-ADNY ) and to the value of the word Succah itself.


Moreover, at 30 daily shakenings x 7 days, there are 210 total shakings, as in the 210 years of Egyptian exile. And when the 3 shakings per direction are considered, there  are 210 x 3 or 630 total shakings in the 7 days. 630 is 10 x 63, the value of the Tetragramamton in the aspect of Binah.  The 10 always corresponds to the 10 sefirot (dimensions) and in this case to the 10 sub-dimensions (inner sefirot) within Binah. During the entire process of Sukkot, we’re drawing down the energy from Yesod of Ima (Binah) so the Binah connections are very fitting and part and parcel to the technology involved in the shakings. Over the 7 days of Sukkot, we’re making 70 sacrifices to share the energy with the 70 nations of the world. Each of these sacrifices corresponds to a specific one of the sub-sefirot in order as we descend through them during the 7 day period.

Regarding the four species: As we know from the Arizal, the four species correspond to the Tetragrammaton (YHVH): Hadas (yud), Aravah (hei), lulav (vav) and Etrog (hei). So since the numerical values of Hadas and Aravah = 346 (Shmo), the two species above correspond to Yud-Hei Shmo as in 5 of the 6 letters that occur at the top of the 248 columns of the Torah that are not vavs, excluding the initial bet of bereshit. The three sides of the sukkah itself forms a Bet. The missing bet from the B’Yud-hei Schmo sequence would appear to be the bet in lulav (LVLB), since the word lulav both begins and ends in and also ends in  Lamed-bet as in the first and last letters of the Torah.  This is an allusion to the recycling of the Torah that occurs during this period when we read the last verse of the Torah and immediately twist it back to the beginning and erad from Bereshit.


Moreover, the numerical value of Hadas and Aravah and lulov together = 414 (kaddish) or 2 x 207 (Or/light), and as in known from chazal, etrog has the value 610 as in parnesa and ma’aser and their various meditations. The Etrog corresponds to the malchut of yesod, the place where we earn our parnesa (sustenance).

But the total value of the 4 species = 1024, which is 256 (28) x 4 with 256 being the value or the Ark of the Covenant (also Aaron) and 1024 being both 210 as in the 210 years of exile yet again, and also the 1024 unique word values in the Torah.


Furthermore as we meditate on sharing light with the 70 nations through the 70 sacrifices, it’s appropriate that the sum of the 4 final letters (B,G,H,S) in the names of the 4 species add up to 70, while that of the Hadas and Arava alone add up to 65, Adonai.


Interestingly, and not coincidentally, the sum of the ordinal value of the 16 letters in the names of the 4 species is 151, as in the value of the Name, Ehyeh (EHYH) spelled out (milui) and also of the word, mikve. Moreover, The sum of the ordinal value of the letters in lulav is 32 as in Lamed-Bet (heart, and the last and first letters in the Torah) and the 32 paths of Wisdom, which is in essence the Tree-of-life, represented by the lulav, whose standard gematria value is 68, that of chaim (life).


Moreover, when we  add Lulav’s standard value and its ordinal one, we get 68 + 32 = 100, the value of, sach (SCC), the roof (covering) of the Sukkah and the representation value of  keter, the highest sefira.

Now, if we add all the elements of the holiday together, we get 100 (Sach) + 91 (sukkah) + 1024 (4 species) = 1215. There is a reason fro 1215 but we wont go into it now, but when we take away 1 for the kolel, and get 1214, much of the technology gets revealed:


For example the 11 unique letters used in creation of the first verse of the Torah connect with the 11 dots above the letters that occur in the same parsha (portion) as the large letter lamed, and together they help us convert curses into blessing through the 11 incenses (etc). These 11 unique letters have a complete value (ordinal plus standard gematria) of 1214, and 1214 is the exact numerical value of “70 languages” (ShBAYM LShVNVT), corresponding to the 70 nations that we;re making the sacrifices for. Also, 1214 is the exact value for the “permutation of the letters” (ZYRVP HEVTYVT).


Now, while the last of the 11 letters under the 11 dots is ayin, with a value of 70, the complete value (standard and ordinal) of all 11 letters under the dots is 422, which is the exact numerical value of the word “seventy (70)” (ShBAYM). These, of course, connect to the destruction of the Two Holy Temples in –422 BCE and in 70 CE, respectively, as is detailed and chronicled in The Divine calender.  It’s also not a coincidence that the letter ayin, with a value of 70, has an ordinal value of 16, as in the 16 letters of the 4 species discussed above.


It’s so beautiful how perfect the Torah and Hashem’s tools are!