The Sacrifices; Then and more so Now.

Each of the 8 days of Chanukah we read a laundry list of sacrifice to be made by the 12 tribes in the Miskan or Holy Temple, events far removed from our lives by thousands of years.

1 Silver plate weighing 130 shekels (ShKL)

1 Silver bowl weighing 70 shekels

1 Gold bowl weighting 10 shekels

1 Young bull

1 Ram

1male lamb (1 year old)

1 male goat

2 oxen

5 rams

5 male goats

5 male lambs (1 year old)
So why do we recite these sacrifices when we can’t physically make them without the Holy Temple, and haven’t been able to do so for nearly 2000 years? Before we get to why, lets see what the sacrifices are all about first.

The 130 shekels of silver for the plate each day corresponds Jacob’s age when he entered Egypt to begin the exile in Egypt. It’s also the value of Sinai, where the Israelites received the Torah 210 years later. The 70 shekels of silver correspond to the 70 family members with Jacob who entered Egypt. It also represents the 70 nations of the current exile and the year 70 CE when the Second Holy Temple was destroyed and the current exile began. And while the 10 shekels of gold correspond to the 10 utterances received at Sinai, the full weight of 130+70=10 = 210 shekels thus corresponds to the 210 years of the Egyptian exile, and the value of the word Shekel (ShKL), or 430, corresponds to the 430 years of the full first exile from the Covenant of Abraham in 2018 HC to the reception of the Torah at Sinai in 2448 HC.

Now, a deeper secret within this weight is that 210 shekels are equivalent to a numerical value of 210 x 430 = 90,300 or 903 x 100, an 903 is the recognized sum of all the positive integers through 42 and since there is a spiritual tenet that nothing is ever lost, 903 is the full inclusive value of 42, encompassing all the energy of the integers that came before it.

Each Chanukah we read about the sacrifices from Numbers (B’midbar) 7:1-89 and 8:1-4, and while the 89 verses of chapter 7 obviously correspond to the gematria value of Chanukah (89), the 4 verses of chapter 8 correspond to the 4 periods of exile.

The word Shekel is repeated 26 times during in the 93 verses of the full reading and not only is 26 the value of the Tetragrammaton (YHVH), but the value of the word shekel (ShKL) spelled out (gematria milui) is 620, that of keter, the highest, crowning sefira (dimension) and in the multiply repeated phrase Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh, the word H’Kodesh (HKDSh) likewise has the gematria milui (spelled-out-value), including the kolel, of 1000, which is also representative of keter, and of elef (ELP), one thousand, and thus to the letter alef (ELP), alluding to the beginning. Therefore, the phrase Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh can read as “the crown in the crown at the beginning,” or even “keter of keter of keter,” which is the highest level imaginable.

Now there’s obviously a lot of potent energy available in these connections to the YHVH and to keter of keter of keter, but how does it relate to us?

Well, to begin with, the word H’kodesh in gematria milui sofit also has the numerical value of 2008, as in the year just past 2008 CE, when from a financial standpoint the world began its implosion, when the world’s stock markets declined a collective 42%.

Moreover, the total average value of the 41 combined occurrences of the 3 words in the phrase Shekel B’Shekel H’Kodesh found in the reading of the sacrifices is ((15 x 409)+(12×430)+(14×432))/3 – 3 (kolel) = 5778, as in the year 5778 HC (2018 CE), less than 10 years from now, when chazal has prophesied the coming of H’Mashiach.

There are 6 different phrases throughout the sacrifices that have a numerical value of 5777, (representing the year 2017 CE) and of the 5845 verses in the Torah, there are only 13 incidences where the value of a phrase wholly within a verse has the value of 5777 and one of those is verse Numbers 7:87 of the sacrifices, the summary verse for all the sacrifices: “…12 young bulls, 12 rams and 12 male lambs a year old, together with their grain offering. 12 male goats….” This is significant because the geula was prophesied to most probably occur in the period 5777.78 to 5778.28 .

As for the year 5778, amongst the 93 verses of the sacrifices there are 16 occurrences of phrases (defined as a contiguous grouping or words) with the total value of 5778, the last of which is in the final verse of the sacrifices, Numbers 8:4, where we find the 22-word phrase “…the Menorah, just as The Lord Commanded Moses. This is how the menorah was made: It was made from hammered gold…had shown.”

And not coincidentally, the number 84 represents Pad, redemption, the union of the upper and lower Mem-Bet (42-Letter Names) necessary for the geula.

But possibly even more telling, of the 5845 verses in the Torah, 3.14%, or 184 phrases wholly within verses, equal 2019, the first year of the new era of Mashiach as prophesied by chazal, and of these 184 phrases, 35 are within the 93 verses of the sacrifices, an unfathomably large percentage. Moreover, as you may have already recognized, 184 is the numerical value of Pkad, which chazal has independently connected to the coming of Mashiach and which we wrote about in a previous blog.

So of the 93 verses of the sacrifices, fully, 57 (6, 16, and 35) are either connected to the year 2017 (5777), 2018 (5778), or 2019 and another 41 times specifically to 5778 through the repeated occurrences of shekel b’shekel h’kodesh.

Can this be a coincidence? No, there’s no statistical way. It had to have been planned that way long before the Maccabees, from the moment of the creation of the Torah. And thus it’s no coincidence either that 57/93 = .612903, or 612 (brit/covenant) and 903, and allusion to the mem-bet (42-Letter Name) as described above.

So the message is clear what the sacrifices have programmed into them: a subliminal connection for us to the geula and the coming of Moshiach. And so it’s also now clear, why we should recite them every year even though there’s no Temple or channel to make the sacrifices.

But they are also a reminder that in order to be part of the geula (final redemption), we need to make sacrifices, and through his translation and interpretation of the Zohar in Vayegash 63, Rav Ashlag (HaSulam) tells us how: From man, four types of men branched out-some righteous and some wicked, some stupid and some wise. Of these, some were rich and some poor.  They can bring merit and benefit to each other. The righteous can benefit the wicked by causing them to repent their sins; the wise can benefit the foolish by teaching them sense; the rich can benefit the poor by supporting them in their need. Through these actions man merits life everlasting and attaches himself to the tree-of-life.”

According to Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, author of the Zohar, this is the secret meaning of Bereshit 2:10 “A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden. From there it divided and became four major rivers,” which is another reason why the weight of the sacrifices was 210 shekels.

In order to connect with the tree-of-life reality, the Mashiach reality, being offered to us for the 3rd, and possibly final time, in the 5778 period, we need to be our brothers’ keepers. We were all born with a purpose. If we’re rich, we must help our poorer brethren; this is why they were born without mazal and we were.  If we were born wise, it’s our duty with the less fortunate to share our wisdom and knowledge. They are there for us as much as we are there for them. And if we’re righteous we must stand up to the wicked, reach out to them with unconditional love; we must find the holy sparks and allow them to be elevated.

If you believe in G-d, then you must know that he could have made everyone rich, wise and righteous, but what purpose would we then have.  What would we contribute to the universe; why would we need a conscience or a consciousness.  And if we don’t have a purpose then what are we doing with ourselves? Are we using our consciousness? We must do our part to help our brethren reach the tree-of-life reality, and in so doing, help ourselves reach it as well.

As for the sacrifice we read about, at the end of the 4th exile, we must also make them too, though to us they are now more personal.  Each of the 4 types of animals had a specific purpose to help the 4 types of man.  But the gold and silver had other significance too, to open up the gates of wisdom for us.

The complete value (standard plus ordinal) of silver, representing gevura/judgment is 203, as in the first 3 letters of the Torah and the complete value of gold, repesting chesed/loving-kindness is 28, as in the 28 letters of the Torah’s first verse and all 12 tribes were instructed to give both gold and silver in the weights/proportions described above for the sacrifices.  Together the complete values of gold and silver (28 + 203) = 231, as in the 231 Gates of Wisdom, described by Abraham in the Sefer Yetzirah, and in the sum of the positive integers through 22, as in the 22 letters of the alef-bet.  Gold and silver, money, assets, mean nothing in the achievement of the tree-of-life reality–it can’t be purchased, but chesed/loving-kindness, and helping one another, these are the commodities that count.  If you were blessed with money, use it to help others while you still can.  42% of the assets ($29 trillion or so) in the worlds stock markets were lost year.  It could have been 72%, and it still could be. Do your part while it’s only 42%, support the wise ones and the righteous ones to do there part–the part you cannot do for yourself, and help the poor ones so they may help you.  If you’re wise, reach out and teach. If you’re, righteous, shine forth and elevate.  We must all help each other–none of us can make the sacrifices on there own.  All the 12 tribes gave equally. The sacrifices are made for the community.

The hope for the community lies in our individual sacrifice of the rich helping the wise and righteous, and the wise and the righteous helping the rich and wicked to see, and together everyone helping the poor.  Only as a community can we overcome our destinies.

B”H Through these actions may we merit life everlasting and attach ourselves to the tree-of-life.

The Nations: What delayed the Messiah? And Who made the prophesies of 5760 and of 2012?

When will the Messiah (Moshiach) come? And What did the Golden Calf incident have to do with the delay? And what ever happened to that prophecy of His arrival in 5760?
וירא העם כי בשש משה לרדת מן ההר ויקהל העם על אהרן

Exodus (Shmot) 32:1 … When the nation saw that Moshe delayed to come down from the mountain, the people assembled about Aaron and said to him…

H’Am, the nation, is referred to by the Zohar as the erev rav, the force of so-called converts who derive their power from Amalek and have always sought to undermine the power of the Jews (Israelites) to bring Mashiach, the Messiah. The numerical value of H’Am (העם) is 115, and 115 jubilee (50-year intervals) is 5750, the year that Israel celebrated its 42nd year, which was 28 years before the prophesied date for the Geula, the arrival of Mashiach and the End of Days. Those familiar with The Genesis Prayer and this blog know that 28 is intimately connected with the year 5778, the construction of the Torah, and that the first 28 letters of the Torah is the link between the 42-Letter Name, the Torah, and Creation.

Before we look deeeper into the process lets examine the word H’Am (העם), comprised of a final Mem of value 40, and 2 letters, representative of the Mem-bet, or 42, the Name of G-d that chazal has told us will bring about the geula, the final redemption and thus the end of our collective 42 -step journey.

Moreover, the Ayin, of value 70, hints to the age of Israel in the prophesied date of 5778, while the other 2 letters, hey (5) and mem (40) add up to 45, the numerical value of Adam (EDM), which as we’ve explained in other post, is known to represent Adam-David-Mashiach. Moreover, the numerical value of the spelled out letters EDM from Adam-David-Mashiach is 111 + 434 + 80 = 625, which is not only the numerical value of H’Keter, “the crown and highest possible level (sefira), but the number 625 is also the exact square root of the total number of words, verses and letters in the Torah combined (390,625), which in itself graphically depicts, H’Keter, (625) crowning Heaven (Shama’im, 390).

Nevertheless, the numerical values for the phase “Adam, David and Mashiach” plus 1 for the kolel add up to 45 +14 + 364 + 1 = 424, the numerical value of Mashiach Ben David.

And we know from the Zohar that the ayin (ע) of numerical value 70 in H’Amעם) is not without purpose because there are 70 nations in total from which holy sparks must be raised in order to bring about H’Mashiach, corresponding to the last 70 years from Israel receiving statehood in 5708 to the year 5778, and to the 70 years of King David’s life. As you can and should read in The Divine Calendar, this also relates to the destruction of the First Holy Temple in 422 BCE and to that of the the Second Temple in 70 CE. And most significantly, the word seventy (70) has the numerical value of 422 and the sum of the Names (or 3 aspects, points in time) of Adam, David and H’Mahsiach is 45 +14 + 363 = 422.

Why do we refer to these 3 aspects of the messiah as 3 points in time?

In the divine calendar of 5778 years from Adam to Moshiach, the midpoint is marked by the exact midpoint in King David’s life, 2889 HC.

The gematria atbash reveals yet another clue about the H’Am (העם) and the eventual connection to 5778 in that when we use this reverse alphabet cipher the word H’AM becomes (Z’TzY) which has a numerical value of 107, which corresponds to the sum of all the integers (spiritually, the sum of the collective memory) from 1 to 107, which is exactly 5778. And probably not so coincidentally, if we add both the regular and the atbash gematria of H’AM we get 115 + 107 = 222, which is also the same as the spelled out gematria milui value of the 3 letters in H’AM less the kolel for the 3 letters, or 15 + 130 + 80 – 3 = 222. Moreover, 6000 – 222 = 5778.

Why 6000?

In this verse, the Torah uses the word בשש “boshesh; delayed” which can also be read, “beshesh; at the sixth.” Nearly all the assorted messianic prophesies point to the sixth millennium, and there’s no argument with that, especially as 2 + 2 + 2 = 6 and we know that the nations couldn’t wait 6 more hours for Moses to return with the first set of Holy tablets from Mt Sinai.

Thanks to the Sefer Chesed Le’Avraham by Rav Avraham Azulai, zs’kl, there was much speculation that H’Mashiach would arrive in 5760 (2000 CE). And he did in a sense, as the value of the word chai (18) in the phrase Mashiach chai (the Messiah lives) indicates that he will live 18 years from 5760 until 5778, but that will all be revealed in time.

Rav Avraham Azulai, zs’kl, used the calculation of the size of a mikve, 40 seah, which is equivalent to 5760 eggs to determion the date 5760. Now, the erev rav have always thrived by spreading doubt, and doubt in Hebrew has the numerical value of 240, the same as Amalek (AMLK), which not insignificantly contains the word for nation (AM) and adds LK, of numerical value 130, the same as Sinai, where the doubt was sewn 6 hours before Moses’ arrival and the golden calf was constructed.

If we reverse we the initial letters in the phrase 40 Seah, or Mem Seah, we get Samech Meah or 60 Meah, which is 60 hundred, which is 6000 as in the 6000 years of the 6th millenium. which corresponds to the Shesh in בשש “boshesh.

But what does doubt have to do with 5760?

The value 5760 can be derived from the equation 240 x 24 = 5760 and also from 6000 – 240 = 5760. Since 24 is the value of cad, a vessel, and 240 is the value of Amelak and doubt, we see that 5760 HC is the year of Amelak, which has always been spiritually and historically the scourge of the Jews (Israelites).

From the word H’Am (העם), when the letters hey and mem are spelled out we get 15 + 80 = 95, the numerical value of “The King” and ayin spelled out is 130, that of Sinai, thus indicating that the King was at Sinai, but as we’ve seen the doubt spread by the erev rav impeded them from receiving Him. The message in all this is that we cannot let the erev rav from impeding us from receiving Him this time. We were giving 18 years, 6 + 6 + 6 years to overcome the erev rav and the doubts within ourselves in order to receive H’Mashiach in 5778. That is 66.6 jubilee years from 2448 HC, the last chance we got, when for the lack of 6 hours patience and certainty we had to wait another 3330 years for the next and final opportunity.

What about the prophesied year 2012 CE?

Since there are 18 years from the year 2000 to 2018, 2012 is 2/3 or .666 of the way in the final journey.  And while the Mayan calendar resets in the year 2012 CE for another cycle it doesn’t actually end, but many of the nations have latched onto that as a date for the end of days.  Now, while we’re in the period of Gog V M’gog, not accidentally of numerical value 70, which began in 5760 (2000 CE), and while we’re experiencing ever more difficult times, they won’t end in 2012 and the Messianic age won’t begin in 2012. But what will occur, is a deeper sense of doubt and disillusion as yet another supposed date for the Messiah comes and goes.  Don’t get fooled by Amalek; there’s no Biblical context, no Bible code for the year 2012; it’s one more illusion, and mashiach consciousness is all about seeing past the illusions of what we call reality.

How do we know we’ll get 2 opportunities?

The word H’AM is repeated twice in this verse, meaning we will have to confront the nations (erev rav/Amalek) twice, or once more in order to reach Mashiach consciousness.

And the bet (ב), meaning 2 or second, of בשש “boshesh (delayed) indicates that the delay of the 6 hours led to the delay into the sixth millennium and 2nd opportunity for us to unite as one as we were in Adam, the embodiment of Mashiach before the original sin.

Doubt that? Multiply the values of each of the letters in בשש “boshesh (delayed) and take the square root to find its essence and what do you get? 300 x 300 x 2 = 180,000 and its square root is 424.2640. Since 424 is the numerical value of Mashiach Ben David, and 26 is that of the Tetragrammaton (YHVH), and 40 is both the Biblical number for “coming of age” and also the number of years that those at Mt Sinai had to wait to enter the promised land because of the golden calf incident, It’s pretty obvious what was missed and what got delayed.

Why did they turn to Aaron?

“the people assembled about Aaron…”

Amalek surrounded Aaron because Aaron is the link to Moshiach. The only name in the Torah linked to Mashiach is Aaron. And the exact words “about Aaron” (AL EHRN) have the numerical value, when the kolel is added for the two words, of 100 + 256 + 2 = 358, which is that of Mashiach.

The gold was put into his hands, to give life to the golden calf, which has the numerical value of 108, thus 1 more than 107, and thus covering up the revelations of 5778 until now. And from the nations, Mashiach will emerge. There was much technology that went into the plot to undermine Aaron and the Israelites, and one part of that was that gold, hand and also David all have the numerical value of 14, linking them all to the negative action of the gold being put into Aaron’s hand.

Think not? Then explain why the 12 words of the verse add up to 2865 and when we add the kolel for the 12 words twice for each period we’d have to wait, or alternatively the value 14, the value of David (gold and/or hand) plus 10 for the 10 Commandments we were supposed to have received that day, we get 2889 HC, the midpoint in David’s life and the midpoint from Adam to Moshiach.

And what will happen in 5778, 2018 CE?

If we turn to Exodus (Shmot) 20:18 for a clue, we find that in referring to H’Am, the people (nation, erev rav) it says, “The people kept their distance while Moses entered the mist where the Divine was [revealed].”

And so they shall keep their distance. Distance in kabbalistic spirituality means “dissimilarity” of form, thus the chaff will be separated from the wheat.  The peoples (nations) couldn’t see into the mist because the mist represents a reality beyond their comprehension; it’s the tree-of-life reality.  When Moses (Mashiach) emerges in 5778 (2018 CE) the divine will be revealed to all who have awakened to the Messiah consciousness, and only to those. B”H everyone will awaken.

King David and the Messiah

All the new wires are reporting a new archaeological find that will help verify the dates and importance of King David‘s reign. Talmudic scholars already have the dates and know the importance. The Divine Calendar helps explain exactly why Kind David and Solomon were born and died precisely when they did, along with most of the other  prominent  Biblical personages and events.

This excerpt from The Divine Calendar illustrates that point perfectly. There is no doubt to when King David lived or why:

Chapter 21

King David and the Messiah

It’s a Very Divine Plan

King David‘s Birth Marks Israel’s Statehood


he year when Israel was declared a State, 5708 HC, is exactly twice, the year that King David was born, or 2 x 2854 HC, and of course, King David is the David referred to in the title, Mashiach Ben David. Pause. With so many dates being hurled at you at the speed of the cosmos, it’s easy to miss very significant events and to pass them off casually. What we’re saying here is that the birth of King David marked the absolute midpoint from Adam (Creation) to the founding of the State of Israel, which only happened as a result of WW II, the Holocaust, guerrilla warfare, a few peoples’ dynamic persona, and a reluctant vote in spite of vehement Arab opposition by a fledgling United Nations. The Nation whose Flag carries the Magen David, the shield of David, officially became a state after thousands of years, on a date precisely double King David‘s birth year.

King David‘s Birth Marks Israel’s Statehood and Abraham’s Birth

Now, since these two dates aren’t linked in any way except divinely, how astonishing is it that 2854 HC is equivalent to 906 BCE and that 2854906 = 1948, the year Israel became a State in the Gregorian calendar. Let’s pause again. Adding those two dates gives us 3760; that happens automatically. There’s no magic there. Once 3760 HC was chose as year “0” or “1” the math will work like that for all the juxtaposed BCE dates. But subtracting them as we’ve just done; there’s no reason whatsoever that they should equate to anything other than pure chance. Now if we’d listed 200 different significant dates on our divine calendar then there would be a 1 in 20 chance of hitting one of them, but we didn’t. We only listed around 10 significant dates in total. And since the date 1948 was not only the year that Abraham was born in the Hebrew Calendar, but the matching Gregorian date to the one we’d just revealed in the equation just before it, the date Israel became a nation, the odds of this happening naturally are staggering. And the chance of any group of men organizing history to fall out this way is nil. There is only way this could happen.

And if all this isn’t sufficiently extraordinary, we must also consider that the year -906 BCE is exactly half of –1812 BCE, which once again is the year Abraham was born, but this time in the Gregorian calendar.

King David was born in 2854 HC

2 x 2854 HC = 5708 HC

Israel Received Statehood in 5708 HC

5708 HC = 1948 CE

2854 HC = 906 BCE

2854906 = 1948

2 x 906 BCE = 1812 BCE

1812 BCE = 1948 BCE

Abraham was born in 1948 BCE

King David‘s Birth and the 42 Letter Name

So it’s probably not a coincidence that 906 is the value of the seventh and final 6 letter sequence “שקו־צית” of the 42-letter Name of G-d, the line which according to the sages is specifically associated with [1]David.

Since, according to the sages of blessed memory, the 42-Letter Name (the Ana B’koach, also knows as the Genesis Prayer) is a ladder to the spiritual world and its 7 lines connecting to and representing the 7 lower sefirot (dimensions), when we factor in their 10 sub-dimensions per line, we see that the 42-Letter Name actually traverses 70 dimensions of time and space and spirit.

So taking all this into account, one may surely conclude that David‘s lifespan of 70 years and Abraham’s age at the time of his Covenant with G-d, also 70 years, are both part of a divine plan in which 70 is added to either 5708 HC and/or 1948 CE to get the year 5778 HC or 2018 CE, respectively, the year that their mutual descendant is predicted to become the Messiah.

King David‘s Life and Death Marked the Arrival of the Messiah

Another very potent way of looking at this is that when we add the year King David was born, 2854, with the year he died, 2924, we get 2854 + 2924 = 5778, the date prophesied by chazal for the Messiah. meaning that the coming of the Messiah, Mashiach Ben David, is completely marked by the life of King David from start to finish, and moreover that it also marks the midpoint from Adam to the Messiah.

King David was born in 2854

King David died in 2924

2854 + 2924 = 5778

King David‘s Life and Death Marked the G-d’s Covenant with Abraham

And if all that isn’t astonishing enough, the year King David was born, 906 BCE, when added to 836 BCE, the year he died, gives us 906 + 836 = 1742 BCE, which is the year the first exile began, the year of the Covenant of Abraham, 2018 HC.

King David was born in 906 BCE

King David died in 836 BCE

906 + 836 = 1742 BCE

1742 BCE = 2018 HC

King David‘s Life and Death Marked the Destruction of the Second Temple

Furthermore, if we take 906 BCE, the year King David was born in the Gregorian calendar, plus 2924, the year he died in the Hebrew calendar, we get 906 + 2924 = 3830, once and yet again the year the Second Temple was destroyed. And this destruction marked the beginning of the final exile, which is supposed to last 1948 years, the same amount of time the world had to wait for Abraham to come into it.

King David was born in 906 BCE

King David died in 2924 HC

906 + 2924 = 3830 HC

The Second Temple was Destroyed in 3830 HC

[1] David represent the 7th sefirah of Malchut.

article excerpted from the NY Times, Oct 30, 2008

“KHIRBET QEIYAFA, Israel — Overlooking the verdant Valley of Elah, where the Bible says David toppled Goliath, archaeologists are unearthing a 3,000-year-old fortified city that could reshape views of the period when David ruled over the Israelites.

The 10th century B.C. is the most controversial period in biblical archaeology because it is then, according to the Old Testament, that David united the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, setting the stage for his son Solomon to build his great temple and rule over a vast area from the Nile to the Euphrates Rivers.

For many Jews and Christians, even those who do not take Scripture literally, the Bible is a vital historical source. And for the state of Israel, which considers itself to be a reclamation of the state begun by David, evidence of the biblical account has huge symbolic value. The Foreign Ministry’s Web site, for example, presents the kingdom of David and Solomon along with a map of it as a matter of fact.

But the archaeological record of that kingdom is exceedingly sparse — in fact almost nonexistent — and a number of scholars today argue that the kingdom was largely a myth created some centuries later. A great power, they note, would have left traces of cities and activity, and been mentioned by those around it. Yet in this area nothing like that has turned up — at least until now.

Mr. Garfinkel says he has something here that generations have been seeking. He has made two informal presentations in the past month to fellow archaeologists. On Thursday he will give his first formal lecture at a conference in Jerusalem.

What he has found so far has impressed many. Two burned olive pits found at the site have been tested for carbon-14 at Oxford University and were found to date from between 1050 and 970 B.C., exactly when most chronologies place David as king.”