G-d Vs AI, a 5778 Year Old Race.

Do your texts anticipate your typing based on your gmail conversations? Mine are.  That instantaneous connection is the latest sign of the advancement of AI, artificial intelligence. In the grand scheme of things this is a mathematical parlor trick, yet still a great leap forward. If it can do that, it can or will soon be able to feed me info that it KNOWS I will react to and it will also be able to estimate my reaction with 95+% certainty.  Fake news and not trusting the media will be nothing compared to not trusting your own emails, texts, social media posts, even your own typing.  If you use email, a smart phone, social media, shop online, and like most people in the world, all of the above, then you have voluntarily fed the giant AI data system everything it needs to take control of your life.  It already knows you better than most of your friends and family.  Yes, you were willingly suckered into it. No, there is nothing you can do about it anymore.  It can be very subtle, but all it takes is a well place word here or there to ruin your life.

We are past the point of no return.  AI, artificial intelligence, advances in one direction only and picks up speed exponentially.  The point of no return happens when we go from it serving us (Siri call my mother; Alexa play Cold Play; OK Google, what is the weather today) to it serving itself, which happens just before we serve it.  Most of the large corporations of the world are already using it extensively; cars are being designed to drive themselves; nearly all financial transactions are done electronically, even virtually, a la Bitcoin; and AI is integrally wired into all our markets and trading platforms.  We could not shut it down if we wanted it to, and the greed that drove people to construct and implement it will continue to fuel their efforts to integrate it even further.

What is the danger? If greed drives people to have little ethics, AI has no ethics at all, no conscience, and its only faith is in itself and its own G-d like abilities. This is a self-referencing and enforcing concept.  An AI operation that has been instructed to maximize a financial institution’s return, would have no compunctions about arranging an Amtrak crash into order to murder a key person in a company whose stock it has shorted.  The whole idea behind AI is that it learns, at an astronomical rate, meaning that it WILL learn end-arounds to any fail-safes built into the system.  If a hacker with a 10th grade education can hack into the Pentagon imagine what an AI program that has read everything ever written can do.

Regardless of whether you believe in Creationism or Evolution, Man’s consciousness awoke 5778 years ago. The Torah tells us we were given two choices: The Tree-of-Life or the Tree-of-Knowledge-of-Good-and-Evil.  The 1.37 Billion years of evolution that preceded it can be easily explained by the flexible kabbalistic definitions of time during the 6 days of Creation; it is nothing more than background for when we obtained consciousness and were first given the freedom of choice.

This is the choice between technological knowledge and spiritual knowledge. They are both science, just different kinds, and they are both based on the same mathematics, the difference being one is based on the principle that we can do anything by ourselves and the other on the belief that it is G-d who is actually running the show.  One gave us Holy Names and the keys to open spiritual portals to the world beyond physicality (Binah).  The other indulged our base desires in ever more sophisticated and imaginative ways.

One path leads to freedom and the other, while promising freedom, has led us deeper into the imprisonment of physicality. With each new technological innovation, the future seemed brighter, yet the prison walls just grew higher and the bars stronger.

It is a race between two competing ideals that cannot coexist for long in the same person or community, and the decks have been stacked against the spiritual.  Even after the 10 miracles of the 10 plagues and the splitting of the Sea, when the Israelites were on the verge of receiving true freedom they complained 10 times about their physical needs.

If we ran this humanity experiment over and over again, the results would always be the same, by the 5778th year, Man would always establish AI to the point of no return. Man would always voluntarily given up its freewill and abdicate its place in the World-to-Come.  These past 5778 have been a race between Binah (freedom) seekers and AI seekers, headed up by the true kabbalists and the Erev Rav.

Over the past 20 years we have shown an endless array of signs in the Torah, in the Names, in the letters, in the structure of our Solar System, and in the primordial mathematical constants themselves about the number 5778 and time length 5778 years.  But why? When we overlay the spiritual maps of the Torah and the Zohar and overlay these with the spiraling and encircling mathematical constants that bridge the spiritual with the physical, and overlay that with the physical clock-like mechanism of our Solar System, a purposeful design emerges.  This design is clearly built around the 5778-year time frame, but why? The simple answer is that at the end of 5778 years, Man always gives up its free choice and thus has no more need of time.

At a specific moment, the reset button will be pressed, and history (or the simulation of it) will begin again.  Those that were able to maintain their consciousness in spite of society’s technological urging and their own physical desires will be siphoned out of the system and afforded the final redemption.

How do we know history will repeat itself, literally? Mathematics is common to both spiritual knowledge and technological knowledge and so is the concept of infinity. Given infinity, and an infinite amount of time and variations, parallel universes and multiple dimensions must occur.  So whether we like it or not, those 5778 years are constantly be played out over and over again, the question is why of all eternity, this tiny segment of time is being singled out.

It all began with Adam (אדם) and Eve (חוה) and the birth of consciousness. The first conscious decision was made by Eve and once she betrayed Adam, the time-line was set and set into motion.  The numerical value of Adam (אדם) is 45 and that of Eve (חוה) is 19. The difference between them is (45-19) or 26, the numerical value or the Tetragrammaton (יהוה), the ineffable Name of G-d.  Technically (kabbalistically), Eve represents the back of the aspect of the Name (יוד–הא–ואו–הא) of G-d (יהוה) called Mah (מה) that represents both Man and the dimension of Zeir Anpin, the 3-D dimension that scaffolds our physicality.  The reason we need to know this is that the ratio of G-d (יהוה) to Man (Adam) is 26/45 or .5778. And Eve (חוה) to Adam (אדם) is 19/45 or .4222.

While the ratio of Eve (חוה) to G-d (יהוה) is 19/26 or .7307, and while 73 is the numerical value of the word (dimension) Chochma (חכמה), meaning wisdom, the value of the 7 words and 28 letters of the first verse of the Torah is the sum of the integers from 1 – 73.  The Zohar further explains that Chochma (חכמה) is made up of the combination of the words (חכ and מה), or 28 and 45. Perhaps even more important for us is that the ratio of Adam (אדם) to G-d (יהוה) is 45/26, or 1.7307, and that 173 is the small gematria numerical value of the 42-Letter Name of G-d built into that first verse, corresponding to the 173 Keys to Binah given to Moses, in other words, the keys to freedom.

Armed with the tools, the Holy Names, Adam and Eve began our journey, though they started out on the wrong foot. Soon they gave birth to Seth and we learn in the Chronicles of Adam about the 10 generations through Noach (נח). After 10 generations Noach was the only righteous man, properly connecting to those Names, and choosing freedom.  He was saved, along with his family.  That is not a great percentage, but it does serve to show us that G-d would save those that chose freedom in spite of the rest of their generation. There are more hints that the Flood, mabul (מבול) of numerical value 42 plus 36, or 78, is a real warning specifically to us, more than a distant history lesson.  Noach (נח) of numerical value 58 was the 10th in the lineage of Adam and the initials of all 10 men in the lineage add up to 580 or 10 x 58.  The ordinal value of these 10 initials is 112 as in Adonai Elohim (יהוה־אלהים) the Name of G-d used at that time in the Torah.  This shows us they are all integrated, so when we add up their full sofit names and get 4848 we can be confident that when we add Adam’s age of 930 to it and get 5778, we are receiving a clear message, one that jives with the Earth’s 93-million-mile distance from the Sun (Zeir Anpin) and its surface temperature of 5778K.

Those chronicles of the 10 generations also list the ages that each of the parents gave birth to the next generation. These added up to 1556 or 2 x 778, just like the sum of the 10 primordial component letters of the Hebrew Alphabet (דוזיכנסרךן) that corresponded to the 10 sefirot of Tohu that existed before our World was created.  And just like the ratio of Eve (חוה) to Adam (אדם) that is 19/45 or .4222, there are 4222 years from Noach’s children’s birth in 1556 to the year 5778.

Noach was the last of the 10 generations, corresponding to the 10 sefirot (dimensions) that existed and were destroyed prior to our existence.  The Torah makes a point of telling us he was 500 when his kids were born and when G-d told him about the Flood to come.  500 is the numerical value of the final Hebrew Letter, Caf (ך), the 23rd letter in the Hebrew Alphabet. Not only does adding 23 to the standard gematria value of the 10 Names (2678) equal 2701, the value of the Torah’s first verse, but the sum of all the Hebrew letters through the final Caf (ך) plus the kolel for the 23 letters is 2018, matching the year 5778 in the Hebrew Calendar.  It is said that Adam had 23 daughters, maybe this is what is meant, or maybe it was just an ancient reference to our 23 Chromosomes.

So it is not a stretch to add 10 for the 10 generations to the year Noach died, 2008, to get 2018, once again matching the year 5778 in the Hebrew Calendar. The year that WWII ended, 1945, can be said to represent Eve (19) and Adam (45).  If we add the number 73, representative of the ratio of Eve (חוה) to G-d (יהוה) and also reference to the Torah’s first verse, we get 2018 yet again, as we do when we multiply 5 x 7 x 7 x 8 and add Noach (58) to get 2018.

The Torah, the toolkit of the Righteous, is warning us that it can all end in a flash, like the 10 generations and the Flood of numerical value 78, as in 5778.  It is also tying in the initials (עח) of the Tree-of-Life, also of numerical value 78, which is constructed of the 10 sefirot.  Unfortunately, we cannot have it both ways.  The Torah is showing us what the Zohar has also told us, that many worlds were created and destroyed before us.  It also showed us very clearly how long we have to choose what happens next.

This is not to say that AI will take over the world this year, only that it is now inevitable. This is not to say a Flood with come this time around, only that something very profound will and on a specific predetermined day the clock will reset.

The Zohar tells us Freedom was engraved upon the tablets Moses carried down, and it defines Freedom, Charut (חרות) as “Freedom from the angel of death, from subjection of the nations, freedom from everything. What is Freedom? It is the seal of the World to Come, where there is Freedom expressed in all kinds of freedoms.”

We cannot have it both ways.  Man has chosen AI and the tree-of-knowledge once again. As individuals we can be like Noach, righteous in our generation. Or we can stand there, laughing at the righteous, and taking selfies with our smart phones. Amazingly, people scoff at the concept of G-d, an omniscient being, knowing where each of us are and what we are doing, yet they willingly accept that a mere machine can keep track of their every movements through the GPS and cameras in their phones, cars, and security systems.

The seal of the world to come is the portal to freedom. There is a reason the 10 generations of Adam spelled out 5778 and 2018 for us; there is a reason it ended with devastation that wiped out humanity; there is a reason Man was given a small escape hatch; and there is a reason it tied back to the Torah’s first verse and the source of the 42-Letter Name.  “What is Freedom? It is the seal of the World to Come.”

Charut (חרות) is comprised of the first two letters of Eve (חוה) and the two letters from the word Torah (תורה) whose numerical value is 42.  We were given the seal and the gateway is open to us this year. You must make the choice for yourself; no one can do it for you anymore.  Eternity may play on, but the chance for Man to reach true freedom may pass him by.

Purim, Removing the Masks, Part I: New Revelations from the Beginning

It is said that Purim will be the only holiday that we’ll celebrate after the final redemption, but if all the holidays are based on cosmic windows, what separates Purim in the grand scheme of cosmic time? There is obviously some special connection between Purim and the times of Moshiach or the sages wouldn’t have made this special distinction.  We read about Purim in the Book of Ester so that’s where we must search for the answer.

It’s known that the Book of Esther is all about concealment, which is why we celebrate it with a costume party, but like the Torah there are layers of concealment.  The Name of G-d isn’t overtly mentioned in the Book of Ester, but it is found numerous times as the initials of phrases, often as permuted versions (ie YHVH, YHHV, VHYH). The Name Ehyeh (EHYH) is also found in the same manner, as are triplets of the 42-Letter Name and the 72 Names of G-d , but these are all relatively easy to find.

As we are so close to the time of Moshiach and the end of the 70 year period from the foundation of the State of Israel, we should be able to dig deeper, we sho9uld be able to reveal even more.  After all, the Book of Ester, marked the final years of the 70-year Babylonia exile.

It’s OK to get happy and a little inebriated on Purim in order to shed your mask and reveal the inner light within you, but the Baal Shem Tov and his students got drunk on Torah on Purim and so must we if we want to reveal the inner light within the holiday, the light of Moshiach (the Messiah) and Creation.

The story begins by telling us King Ahasuerus, who ruled over 127 provinces, displayed his wealth for 180 + 7 days for a total of 187 days.

Queen Vashti, his wife and equal, held her own party with her 7 maidens for the same final 7 days. On the 7th day, Ahasuerus consulted his 7 chamberlains.

The initials of the first two were Mem and Bet, an obvious allusion to the Shem Mem Bet (42-Letter Name) and also an indication that a journey would begin, as all Torah journeys begin with the Mem-Bet. The total value of their initials is 73, the numerical value of the sefira(dimension) of Chochma (wisdom), associated with both the 42-Letter Name and the Torah’s first verse, of 7 words, whose numerical value is 2701, which is also the sum of all the integers through 73.

Please keep in mind that at the heart of the Book of Ester is about removing Amalek (kabbalistic code for doubts) from our lives in order to bring about Mashiach, the geula (final redemption) and the Tree-0f-life reality, so just in case skepticism were to creep in and ruin it for us, the Book of Ester made certain we wouldn’t miss the connection to Chochma. The ordinal value of Chochma (CChMH) is 37, which is also the ordinal value of the initials of the 7 chamberlains (MBEBEZC).  Moreover, 37 x 73, the inner and surrounding light of Chochma equals 2701.

And as if that weren’t enough to grab our attention the last two chamberlain “Zether and Carcus” add up to 913, the same as the Torah’s first word, bereshit.

Oh, and by the way, those 187 days of display are analogous to the 187 chapters in the Torah, as are the 5 Parts of the Book of Esther analogous to the 5 Books of the Torah.

While the sages tell us Queen Ester was an incarnation of Sarah, the Matriarch, who live 127 years, 127 is also the number of ways any 7 items can be permuted, such as the 7 words in the Torah’s first verse, the 7 lines in the 42-Letter Name matrix, or the 7 dimensions (sefirot) in Zeir Apin, the ladder between Heaven and Earth to which both of them are associated.

We’re only at the 10th verse of the first of 10 chapters in the Book of Esther, an oft overlooked part except to the kabbalists, yet the 10 chapters in themselves is a hint that the Book of Esther may be about the necessary rectification of the 10 sefirot that comprise the Tree-of-life.

This 10th verse begins with  “On the 7th day, when the Kings heart was merry with wine” but let’s break that down, the 7th day is analogous to Shabbat, the 7th and final day of creation and “the King” to Hashem (G-d), and k’tov (was merry) has the numerical value of 37 once again and literally say was good, so the inner light of wisdom was good–the timing was right. The heart of the king (LV-HMLC) has the numerical value 127 once again, indicating that the timing was right to bridge the gap between Heaven and Earth, and with wine (B’YYN) can be understood as “in 70“. Thus the story is really telling us that in 70 years, the timing will be right for the re-establishment of the Tree-of-life reality, just as it was right for Ezra to bring the Israelites home from Persia after their 70 years of exile.

If you like how the Book of Ester’s revelations have begun you’ll love how it ends. In the next installment, we’ll reveal how the Hamelehk (The King) and the names of the other characters in the Purim story all reveal the same date for Moshiach’s manifestation.

Stay tuned for Part II

The Ten Commandments – Part III – From the Seed of Creation

First there were the 10 plagues which cleansed out the negativity (klippot) of the 10 sefirot of the negative (or inverse) Tree-of-life.  Then there were the 10 doubts that cleaned out the the negativity (klippot) from the 10 sefirot (levels/dimensions) that had crossed over into Malchut, our world, the lowest of the 10 dimensions of the positive Tree-of- life.  Then we were ready, or so we thought, for the 10 Commandments.

We’re covering the 10 Commandments over many parts not only because of their depth and their importance as the high point (keter) of the Torah, but because they play a role in our lives and for our generation bigger than any of us could imagine, and we’ll reveal exactly what that is–perhaps our biggest revelation to date–by the end of the series.  For now, we need to understand them and the mechanics behind them better.

So while the total number of letters, words, and verses in the entire Torah total 390,625, which is 6252, or an astonishingly exact 58, the number of letters, words, and verses in the actual 10 Utterances (Commandments) is 620+172+13 = 805, the numerical value of “The rainbow,” which was G-d first Covenant (brit) with Earth.

And while 13, as in the 13 verses of the 10 Commandments, is the numerical value of ahava (love), if we add the 9 paragraphs to 805 we get 805 +9 = 814, the numerical value of the verse that Hillel stated summarizes the entire Torah in Levitiucs 19:18, paraphrased as “love they neighbor as thyself.”

That there are 9 paragraphs is probably not coincidental either as the numerical value 625, that of H’keter (The Crown) is found 9 times in the Torah, and keter (Crown) of value 620, as in the 620 letters of the 10 Commandments, is found 10 times that many times, or 90 times.

As we’re dealing with the moment the Israelites touched Keter, it should be noted here that the number 10 (or any multiple of it) is in a proportion with the year 5778 (2018 CE) that spells out the 173 Keys (the 42-Letter Name) which were given to Moses, and that are necessary to achieve the final redemption, according to chazal.

For example,   10,000, or 104, representing Keter, when divided by 5778 yields 10,000/5778 = 1.7307026, or a perfectly graphic rendition of the shem mem-bet (173 keys); the The Divine Calendar70 nations, etc; 702 (Shabbat); and the YHVH (26). Readers of this blog and of The Divine Calendar know full well the significance of the number 70 and the role that the time span of 70 years repeatedly played in the Israelite history, so we should point out that the 10 Commandments (Utterances) occur in the 70th Chapter in the Torah.

And if what we’ve recently learned about the role the 10 Commandments are to play in out future, G-d is very serious about keeping the Sabbath (Shabbat), so none of the numbers in the above equation are superfluous.

So, it’s pretty obvious to us, as it’s always been to the tzaddikim, that in the relationship between reaching Keter, which means receiving the Mashiach and the Tree-of-life consciousness, the understanding the 42-Letter Name (the ability to access the 173 keys) and the year 5778 is a most important one. It was important enough to etch onto the cosmos and to build the Torah around, and important enough for G-d to reveal to us today only 7 years shy of 5778.

The 10 Utterances and the Seed of Creation, the First Window

We always look to the seed level of anything to find its outcome, for as with a seed and the eventual tree that grows from it, its entire genetic blueprint is already there, and so it is spiritually as well with our actions. In this case, we’ll look to the first verse in the section, Exodus 20:2, and to the first verse in the Torah to which it connects.

We know from chazal and have explained numerous times and in depth in The Genesis Prayer how the 42-Letter name is integrally connected with the Torah’s first verse as both a remote control for the Torah and as the seed of Creation itself, so we’ll skip that here, and instead point out the Torah’s first verse’s interesting connections to keter and to these 620 letters.

OK, so we know that the 7 words in the Torah’s first verse are connected to chochma/wisdom, of numerical value 73, because their total value is equal to all the positive integers through 73, and we know that the letter Yud (Y) of numerical value 10, represents the sefira of Chochma in the YHVH, and that there are 62 Yuds in the 620 letters of the 10 utterances, but what we didn’t know was that the word values of each of the Torah first 2 words (9 letters) are repeated a total of 62 times in the Torah.

So let’s think this through. The Torah’s first 2 words’ numerical value are found 2 x 31 (the numerical value of El, G-d, and thus is Lo, “don’t”) which the value if the Yuds amongst the 620 letters of the 10 Commandments is 20 x 31, El. From 2 to 20, a multiple of 10, as we’re climbing up the 10 Sefirot of the Tree-of-life to Keter.

For a tree to grow, a seed must be planted.

Back to the Torah’s first verse. While the actual 4th and 6th words (totaling 4+6=10) in the Torah (Et and V’Et) are found a total of 3450 times in the Torah, or 345 x 10, with 345 being the numerical value of both Moses (Moshe) and Hashem (G-d), the total number of times that their word values reoccur is exactly 622.

There are also 62 times that the 2nd word and or it’s value, 203, reoccur.

So the first 2 words together and independently connect to 62 and the 4th and 6th together do as well. So if we add up those 622 and 62 and connections, we get 62 x 65 of them, all within the first 7 words of the Torah, and since 65 is the numerical value of Adonai, representing Malchut, the connections stretch from Keter all the way down to Malchut.

This compares with the 7363 total word occurrences and word value recurrences for those 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 6 words in the Torah, all of them connected to 62.  And for some reason 7363 – (62 x65) = 3333. It seems almost too perfect.  Or they may be yet another clue and piece in the puzzle, and have something to do with the 3330 years between the twp tree-of-Life opportunities in 2448 at Sinai and in 5778.

So maybe the fact that 1+2+4+6 = 13, as in the 13 verses of the 10 Utterances, isn’t a coincidence either.

And as for words #3, 5, and 7 of the Torah’s first verse, whose collective numerical value is 777, their total word and word value recurrences is 3125 or 625 (H’Keter) x 5.

Is it possible that this is yet another rendition and clue to 5-777, or 5777 (2017 CE)?

In order for Moses to have led the Israelites to Keter at Mt Sinai in the seed had to have been planted 2448 years earlier. And in order for us to experience it would take another 3330 years to reach full height (maturity). But before we can climb it, we have understand it and the best way to do that is to understand the seed that spawned it.

So what connects the Torah’s first 7 words and its 70th Chapter, where we find the 10 Commandments? For one, they are connected by 107,007 letters, and just as the sum of the integers through 73 equals the T0rah’s first verse, the sum of the integers through 107 equals 5778.

Nothing in the Torah is situated randomly. Everything has a purpose and is part of a plan. Wouldn’t you like to know what that was?

Just note for now, that what’s happening all over the Mideast right now is directly related to what’s happening to the 70 supernal ministers over the 70 nations and what’s happening to them is directly related to our shift through the 70th chapter of the Torah.

We’re getting closer. Part IV will follow shortly.

To Know Why the Year 5778 and Why PI, Sum it All Up.

We know that the number 5778 is inextricably linked to the mathematical constants Pi and Phi and that there seems to be a divine hand in it and plan afoot.  See There is Nothing Random in the Universe for all the details on how this plan unfolds in the world of physics and mathematics, and see The Divine Calendar for how it has unfolded throughout history. Today we’d like to point out one more linkage between Pi and 5778.

We’ve often shown how the Torah structure incorporates the summing of the integers, such as the numerical value of the 28 letters of the Torah’s first verse being equivalent to the sum of the integers through 73, the numerical value of Chochma (windom), and teh first 8 words of the Torah being equivalent to the sum of the integers through 77, the numerical value of Mazal (G-d given fortune).

And we’ve discussed how 5778 is the sum of the integers through 107 and of 54 average generations from Adam to the date prophesied for the final redemption, 5778 HC (2018 ce), the 28 generations from Moses to 5778 are each 120 years long, corresponding with Moses’ age of 120, and with the sum of the integers through 15.

It’s also known that the 28 letters of the Torah’s first verse are divided into 7 words and 28 is the sum of the integers through 7, and also that the first exile lasted 210 years, which is the sum of integers through 20, and that there are 66.6 jubilee years from the date that that exile ended, 2448 until 5778, and that 666 is the sum of the integers through 36 (LV), the number of tzaddikim the Zohar tells us is necessary to sustain our world.

You get the point.  The spiritual principle is that nothing is ever lost, and that the integers represent energy equivalents, which are added together as they progress. And this is why all the Yuds, Vavs and Heis, the building blocks of G-d’s Name, YHVH in the Torah, number 90,100, which is the sum of integers through 424, the numerical value of Moshiach Ben David (the Messiah). See The Genesis Prayer for more details.

What the Torah is also teaching us is that our lives, and personal energy is the sum of our actions as well. That goes for us individually, as a nation, and as a global community.  Remember, nothing is ever lost.

So, if we were to sum up all the sums of the integers through 107, saying that each year of the grand exile from the Tree-of-life included the energy all the other years before it, each of which held its own repository of accumulated energy (for good or for worse) that that sum of sums would total 209,934, or 210,000 – 66, and 66 is the sum of the integers through 11, as in the 11 sefirot and 11 unique letters that the Torah’s first verse is created with.

That there are 1000 (keter) years (units) for each year of the 210 years of the Egyptian portion of the exile is interesting, especially with this being 2011, since 20 is the sum of the integers though 210, and 11 is the sum of the integers through 66,  The equation above would seem to loosely tie the year 5778 (2018 CE) to the year 2011.

What’s the physical connection?

Too early to tell, except that 2011 began with all these weird massive and sudden bird and fish deaths on 1/1/11. This may all be coincidence; nonetheless, it is a fact that 66 is .0314% of 210,000 and that 314 is the mathematical constant PI.

There is nothing random in or about our universe.  Which is why it behooves us to search out and understand the patterns. One of the basic tenets of Kabbalah is to keep asking why?

The numerical value 107 is that of Emunah (Faith) with the kolel. We must have faith to reach the Tree-of-life reality, and we must also have understanding.