Fish and Fowl Kills, Signs or Symptoms, and of What?

A lot of people think the 9.0 Earthquake, Tsunami, and escalating radiation levels emanating from the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan are signs of the end of days. Many more see it as just part of life in the 21st century as our technology and spreading populations struggle to coexist with our planet and universe–growing pains if you will.  But there is another way of looking at them, the way doctors do; they view signs as symptoms; and that’s the way real kabbalists view them as well.  G-d doesn’t need to put a Post-It Note next to the light switch before flicking the switch, but if we are to help ourselves, we need to see our world, lives, and universe as the patient, and be willing to make the necessary changes.

The same can be said of the catastrophic fish and fowl kills.  Though these “signs” are less relevant to all but a small minority, as people in general get more emotional about a beached whale than 10 million fish dying one dawn, and the birds falling out of the sky are only meaningful to those whose heads they land on. Yet, it is the fish and fowl symptom that give us the clue to what ails the patient.

According to the Arizal, fish and fowl both belong to the sefira (dimension) of Yesod of Zeir Anpin, through which all the life-force and sustenance flows on its way into our world, Malchut.  He explains that the word for fowl in Hebrew is Oaf (AVP) of numerical value 156, which he points out is the same as Joseph “the righteous,” who is associated and whose energy is aligned with the sefira of Yesod, in particular, Yesod of Zeir Anpin.

And it’s not coincidental that 156 = 26 x 6 or 6 times the gematria value of the Tetragrammaton (YHVH), since each of the 6 levels of Zeir Anpin are associated with the YHVH, and collectively gather in Yesod.

Like the proverbial canary in the coal mine that’s utilized to determine whether the air is safe to breath, we have the fish and fowl to help us determine whether Yesod of Anpin is functioning properly or not, whether it’s being choked off by negativity or not.

This is very significant because Yesod of Anpin is like a funnel through which flows all our life-force (shefa) or ch’i, and any problems there greatly affects our world, malchut, hence earthquakes of9.0 with their resultant havoc.

Now, 9.0 is telling in itself in that, as we explained in a previous article about how to count the sefirot according to the Arizal,  Yesod is the 9th dimension and malchut the “0” dimension, thus 9.0 represents the bottommost point of Yesod, or Malchut of Yesod of Zeir Anpin.

That’s a little esoteric, but what’s not is what’s happening at the unfortunately named damaged 6 reactor plant Fuk u shima Daii chi that is spewing out radioactive cesium-137 and iodine-131 at levels much higher than is being told to the public. And like a large volcanic eruption, its destructive forces are encircling the earth and spewing forth unabated.

There is nothing about these symptoms that should be ignored: It’s highly uncommon for there to be 6 reactors together with 6 being the number of bundled dimensions in Zeir Anpin, of which Yesod is the 6th.  The number 137, as in cesium-137, is the numerical value of the Hebrew word meaning “to receive” and the number 131, as in iodine-131, is the numerical value of the dark angel samael, thus together: “to receiving samael.” Not a positive message, but no one could mistake these burning cancer inducing radio-isotopes as as positive anyway.

If the tree-of-life were a human body, Yesod would be the reproductive organs and the lower spine. So what can we expect to occur if we don’t get to the root of the patient’s illness?

1. Worldwide financial troubles, as the sustenance get squeezed further and the type of agony associated with lower back pain and sciatica.

2. Reproductive issues. And we won’t even mention what these might be.

But let’s look at this another way. If you went to a kabbalist complaining of lower back pain and problems conceiving, he might tell you to look into your financial and sexual excesses, as there would be an obvious imbalance going on there.

It’s 2011 and, as we learned about the verses of the 10 Commandments, the verse that governs this years events is Exodus 20:11 In which we are told that in the six(6) days, God made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on Saturday (Shabbat). God blessed the Sabbath and made it holy.

The darkness, samael (SMEL) strikes at our weakest point, the only place it can, the tiny junction point between Yesod (YSVD)and Malchut (MLCVT), and when it does, the numerical value of the letters that are left over equal 446, that of Mot MVT, death.

Are we keeping the Sabbath? Are we working on the Sabbath, which means (on one level) does financial greed govern our world and is it the backbone of our economic models? Are we creating fire on Shabbat, or seeking out our warmth from spiritual oneness?

So this year, what we’ll see is events from space, the earth, the sea and all that is in them. It’s no wonder the birds fell from the sky and the fish died on 1/1/2011. Symptoms.

As with any patient, we must first recognize the symptoms, then correctly diagnose the illness, then while treating the symptoms to make the patient comfortable, we must get to the root cause of his disease and correct it.

We are the patient, collectively and individually.  And if we ignore the symptoms we will pay the price; that’s just science, not metaphysics or spiritual mumbo-jumbo.

Fortunately, we don’t have to ignore them. In this case health care is universally free, but we may have to make some lifestyle changes.  The Hebrew initials of Fukushima Daiichi, spell out Pad (PD), redemption, and if we treat this most unfortunate turn of events as a wake-up call, it can very well lead us to the final redemption, the tree-of-life reality. One candle is all it takes to pierce the darkness.

The Real 5 Books of the Torah: Dimensions Beyond.

There are 5 Books of the Torah as we see them laid out in the scroll before us, 2 dimensionally, and even if we study its secrets and read the Rabbis’ different interpretations, there are still only 5 Books divided into a stream of words, but that’s because we’re only looking at them from our limited point-of-view, stuck in Malchut.  There is another way of viewing them that will expand our consciousness and raise us into the Tree-of-life.

This is Wisdom for those that understand. The Arizal in his commentary on portion Terumah, said that the Torah was at the level of Yesod of Abba, which is Chochma, which is also the Yud in the Tetragrammaton (YHVH).  We’ve read elsewhere and also from the Ari himself that the Torah is at the level of Zeir Anpin (the bundle of 6 sefirot/dimensions from Heaven to Earth), and also that it’s at the level of Binah, so what gives?

What gives is our limited perspective. They are all right.

In the Arizal’s pregnant statement that the Torah was at the level of Yesod of Abba, we can see that there are about 80,000 words in the Torah and then knowing that 80 is the numerical value of Yesod(YSVD) and that the 5 digits in 80,000 reflect 10x10x10x10 or 104 we have clues to understanding the Ari’s statement.

First we must understand that there are 5 main levels of the sefirot corresponding to the 5 worlds and the 5 parts of the YHVH.

5 Main Dimensions

5: Keter (tip of the Yud)

4: Chochma or Abba (Father) Yud

3: Binah or Imma (Mother) Hey

2: Zeir Anpin (Vav)

1: Malchut (final Hey)

Then we can see that 5-digit numbers are at the level of 104, as shown above, and thus they are at the 4th level, which as the Arizal said, is Abba (Chochma).

We can thus understand from the Ari’s statement that the words of the Torah are at level of Yesod of Abba (Chochma). Yesod is the point (funnel) where the light flows into the next lowest sefira, in this case Binah or Imma.

And the pseudo-sexual reference to flowing into Imma from Abba is not coincidental as this analogy is as best we can understand it  and Yesod is indeed associated with the sexual organs for this very reason. In fact, one of the reasons that there are 79,976 words in the Torah and not 80,000 exactly is that 24 of them, or .03% were removed in a spiritual circumcision of sorts, since a proper circumcision (brit milah) is done is 3 parts: a) cutting away the foreskin, b) Revealing the glans, and c) Extracting the blood from the wound.

Letters

Now, there are 600,000 letters in the Torah. Actually there are (600,000 -408) component letters of the 304,805 full letters in the Torah, as we’ve explained in previous articles, but the sages use the 600,000 figure, corresponding to the 600,000 Israelites at Sinai.

The numerical value of the letter Vav is 6, and 60% of the verses in the Torah begin with the letter Vav. And if those 408 missing letters were Vav’s, their value would be 2448, the year the Torah was revealed at Sinai, which would be .408% of 600,000.

Nevertheless, 6 is representative of Zeir Anpin.  And 6 digits is at a higher level that the 5 digits of Abba (Chochma), and thus would be at the highest level of Keter. Thus the 600,000 letters of the Torah are similarly at Zeir Anpin of Keter.

5: Letters: Zeir Anpin of Keter

4: Words: Yesod of Chochma

How are we to understand this? When we look at the Torah we see letters grouped into words, but this is like seeing the various components of light already assembled together: the blue wavelength, red, infra-red, ultra-violet etc. Or seeing matter already formed with electrons, protons, neutrons. It’s all been put together to make it easy for us for us to comprehend the universe, but in the end all we see is the limited malchut world of illusion, a reflection of the truth instead of the Tree-of-life reality beyond limitations.

Any scientist will tell you that the atoms are 99.9% empty space, so how come we can’t see or pass right through them? A better question might be, who said we can’t?

In actuality, the letters and words exists on separate planes of existence, which is why gematria can analyze them separately and add to the whole, rather than detract from it, and it’s also why Rav Abraham Abulafia of blessed memory said Gematria is the highest form of Torah understanding.

Verses

As for the 5845 verses of Torah, they are 155 less than 6000 and 67 more than 5778, the year prophesied by Rav Ashlag, etc for the final redemption (geula) and the 3rd opening of the Tree-of-life reality in our world. While the 4 digits indicate the world of Binah (Imma) one dimension beneath Chochma (Abba), 6 again signifies the 6 dimensions of Zeir Anpin, and 67 is he numerical value of Binah (Imma), reiterating that connection.  And 155/6000 is .26%, with 26 being the numerical value of the YHVH, which on a whole is Zeir Anpin.

Therefore the verses of the Torah are in the dimension of Zeir Anpin of Imma (Binah).

5: Letters: Zeir Anpin of Keter

4: Words: Yesod of Chochma

3: Verses: Zeir Anpin of Binah

Taken together all 3 elements in their separate superimposed dimensions (Letters, Words, and Verses) add up to exactly 58, 5 raised to the 8th power. Now that’s perfection not attainable from our limited perspective.

Nevertheless, There are two more major Torah elements, the 670 paragraphs and the 187 Chapters.

The 3 digits of the 670 paragraphs represent Da’at, the triple balancing point, or reservoir of knowledge between Chochma and Binah, and the place from where Zeir Anpin draws its shefa (life-force). And once again 67 is the numerical value of Binah; therefore the 670 paragraphs are in the dimension of Binah of Da’at, which is the level where Moses drew his energy and wisdom.

The 5th element, 187 chapters, breaks down to 120 + 67 with 67 once again being the numerical value of Binah, and 12o being the length of our generations, those from Moses on, for as the Torah says in Genesis 6:3 “God said, ‘My spirit will not continue to judge man forever, since he is nothing but flesh. His days shall be 120‘.”

In the 5th chapter, just prior to that, the 8th man (generation) in the lineage of Adam, Methuselah lived 187 before begetting Lemekh (LMC), whose name is a permutation for King(MLC), and whose life and lifespan hint to 5778. (See our post on Abraham and Jupiter.)

There are 26 generations delineated in the Torah, and they averaged 91 years each.  Then from Moses (the 26th generation) on, we and according to chazal, he, lived 120 years each generation. This gives us an average of exactly 107 years over 54 generations to 5778, since 5778 = 54 x 107.

Now the 67 chapters represent 35.8% of 187, and 358 is the numerical value of Moshiach, the Messiah, who is to be manifest in 5778 (2018 CE).

All that said, the 2 digits of  the 67 chapters are on the level of Zeir Anpin and 67 is Binah. Meanwhile the Arizal tells us that 120 represents the 120 permutations of the 5 letters in Elohim (ELHYM), the Name of G-d at the level of Malchut. Therefore, the 187 chapters stretch from Binah to Malchut, which is Zeir Anpin .

Thus the 5 dimensions of the Torah:

5:Letters: Zeir Anpin of Keter

4:Words: Yesod of Chochma

3:Verses: Zeir Anpin of Binah

2:Paragraphs: Binah of Da’at

1:Chapters: Zeir Anpin

And when we read he Torah, the table it sits on is Malchut, where we then see all 5 dimensions all together as One: Keter, Chochma, Binah, Da’at and Zeir Anpin brought down to our level.

Did you notice that the smaller the individual Torah element (the individual letters being the smallest and the chapters the greatest) the higher the sefirot (dimension) it connects to. It’s just like the tip of Yud in the YHVH. The adage less is more is very ancient.

5778(2018 CE) is almost here, isn’t it time we rise up to the Torah’s level and see its infinite multi-dimensional beauty.

When we are in sync with the luminous 5 dimensions of the Torah we are in another state of mind and being.  We go from viewing the world as 3-dimensional objects and 2-dimensional words on vellum to viewing it as a 4-dimensional hypercubes (Tesseracts). These have 32 edges, just like the 32 Paths of Wisdom that form the Tree-of-life, all of them connecting various wondrous gateways of limitlessness.

Moreover, those 80,000 words in Yesod of Chochma are divided into exactly 1024 word values, which is precisely 32 x 32, thus expanding the Torah’s dimensionality even further into a full 5-dimensional hypercube or Penteract. It has 32 vertices and 80 edges and 80 faces. The Zohar and sages of blessed memory say the Torah has 70 faces, and with the 10 sefirot there are 80, completing its 5th dimensionality.

The image is a little hard to fathom, but it’s only a projection, nothing like being able to access those dimensions.  everything we see in our world is nothing more than illusory projections of higher dimensions on the walls we’ve built up around us, and on the ceiling we’ve built for ourselves.

If you were to shine a flashlight above a cube onto the wall, you’d see a square. That’s what we’ve done to ourselves, accepted the square as the end-all.

And with 248 columns and 42 rows per column we add two more dimensions to the Torah dimensionality, two more aspects of Zeir Anpin, which when added to the words, letters, and verses in the Torah give us a total of 401273 Torah elements, which work out to exactly 248,000 X Phi, the primordial mathematical constant of value 1.61803399… that controls the natural spiraling growth in the universe, from the petals on a flower to the arms of the Milky Way.

And while 248 is the numerical value of the Hebrew word for mercy, Abraham, and while 2480 is the numerical value of the Names of all 5 Books of the Torah, when you start from One and spiral outward 18 times, or Phi18, we get exactly 5778.000. And by the way the square root of 18 is 4.2426 or 424, Moshiach Ben David with 26, YHVH. Just step outside the square.

Isn’t it time we explored the Torah’s higher dimensionality. Isn’t it time we left the world of limitation, Malchut behind, and prepared for the Tree-of-life reality.

Shavua Tov

Ezra

The 3 Columns of History.

The Torah always presents information to us with great built in redundancy, so it’s not the Torah’s fault if we’re slow on the uptake.  For example, did you ever wonder why there were 70 family members who entered Egypt and began the 210 years of exile there while they grew to 600,000? Or why Moses and his siblings had to pass the Torah on to 70 Elders before it could be given to the people, also 600,000 at the time. And you probably didn’t realize that Noah’s sons had 70 named descendants in the Torah, which eventually populated the world.

Ok, so what?

So if the Torah is expressing a distinctive pattern, it’s our  obligation to try and figure out why, what he message is. This is the Sod Torah, the secret chambers of the Torah that house the deepest wisdom.

The pattern:

Noach (1) – his 3 sons – 70 descendants

Adam (1) – 3 Patriarchs – 70 family members

G-s (1) – 3 Moses/Aaron/Miriam – 70 Elders

1 -3 -70

1

3

70

The Tree-of-life comes to mind right away:

Keter

Binah –  Da’at – Chochma

Gevurah -Chesed

Tiferet

Hod -Netzach

Yesod

Malchut

thus:

1 (Keter)

3 Upper Sefirot

70 Subsefirot of 7 sefirot of Zeir Anpin/Malchut

By the way, the 70 sub-sefirot are naturally bundled this way; it wasn’t some convenient arrangement of ours.

Then, of course, there is 137, the numerical gematria value of Kabbalah, meaning both to receive and also parallel, as in parallel meaning and parallel universe.

As my friend Mordechai pointed out, 1-3-70 is also 1370 as in the 1370 that Chazal tells us the Moslems were to rule over the Jews in merit of their forefather Ishmael (10 years for each of the 137 of his life), which incidentally ended on June 8th, 2002, 1370 years after the death of Mohammad in 632 CE.

Then there is 1 x 3 x 70 = 210 years of exile in Egypt.

Of course, Keter is 1, but it’s also 100 and 100 + 70 + 3 = 173, as in the 173 keys that the Zohar tells us G-d gave to Moses to access Heaven, and allusion to the small gematria value of the 42-Letter Name of G-d, 173.

Let’s put that aside for the moment and see where the 3 column structure of the Tree-of-life takes us. The Arizal explains that all history is based on cycles of the coupling of Zeir Anpin and Malchut (in it’s most simplistic form, Heaven and Earth).  These cycles include the 3 times of the day (corresponding to the 3 sets of daily prayers); the 7 days of the weeks; 12 months in a year He further states that in the grand cycle, the destruction of the Second Temple in 3830 HC heralded the end of the coupling of Zeir Anpin and Malchut, which will reoccur in the time of the Third Temple. Interestingly, the Second Temple was destroyed in 70 CE, and the first Temple was destroyed in 3338 HC, or -422 CE, which is germane because 422 is the gematria value of the word seventy (70).

Now, since the 2nd of the 3 periods (columns) of history ended in 3830, if this first 2 periods were split down the middle, each would be 1915 years long.  I haven’t found any biblical events that match the year 1915, but Abraham was born 33 years later in 1948.

And similarly, 3830 + 1915 (or alternatively 1915 x 3 periods) = 5745 (1985 CE), which is 33 years before 5778, the year prophesied by Rav Ashlag, etc. for the geula (final redemption) and the arrival of Moshiach and the 3rd Tree-of-life opportunity.

Nevertheless, we know that the 70 years of King David’s life is tied into the  whole Mashiach calendar and that the midpoint of his life in 2889 HC is exactly halfway between Adam (0) and Moshaich in 5778 HC, and so we should see see how his life compares with the 3 periods of 1915 years. As it happens, half way between the first 1915 year period and the the second at 3830 is the year 2872 and half of 33 years later is 2889, alternatively David was born 33/2 years before 2872 in 2854 HC.

So why the 33 years?

Is it because it’s 1/3 of 100 (keter)? Or because it’s 1 more than the 32 Paths of Wisdom (Tree-of-life).  Or is it something deeper, some link/path/gateway that G-d wants us to find on our own. After all, the square root of 33 is 57.45, as in 3 x 1915 = 5745.

Couldn’t be, right? Square roots factoring into G-d’s Divine calendar?

Well, maybe, considering that the square root of 1370 = 37.01, and the gematria value of the 42-Letter Name is 3701. And speaking of the 42-Letter Name, whose small gematria value if you recall was 173, the square root of 3 is 1.73.

Nevertheless, 33 is 2/3 or .666 of the 50-year biblical jubilee year, which the Torah commands us (starting back in 2448 HC at Mt Sinai) to count, until the arrival of Moshiach 3330 (66.6 jubilee) years later.

Now the Divine Calendar is so designed so that Abraham would be born in 1948 HC, and Israel would become a nation in 1948 CE and that 1948 years after the destruction of the Second Temple in 3830, we’d get the 3rd opportunity for the Tree-of-life reality in 5778, which is 2018 CE, 70 years after Israel became a nation, just as it was 70 years after Abraham was born in 1948, that G-d made his Covenant with Abraham (in 2018 HC).

But if that isn’t enough, it was also so designed so that the square root of the year the First Holy Temple was destroyed, 3338 is 57.78, and moreover that the square root of 5778 is 76.0 and 76.6 jubilee years is 3830, when the Second Holy Temple was destroyed.

So G-d had a plan for us all along, and a time table, a very specific one it seems, down to the square roots, so let’s take another look at the 1-3-70 progression. And it turns out that the sum of their respective square roots is 11.1, as in the numerical value of the 1st Hebrew Letter, Alef (ELP), 111, which leads us back to 1 (One). But as for the progression and the cyclical coupling of Zeir Anpin and Malchut, the Arizal explains that the 600,000 Jewish souls at Mt Sinai can trace their soul root back through the 70 members through the 12 sons through the 3 Patriarchs to Adam, meaning:

600,000/70/12/3 = 238.095

and

238.095 = 1/42

=

The atomic weight of

Uranium238

These are just a few of the secrets revealed in just one of the Torah’s many chambers.  But buried beneath this chamber of history is another chamber, with deeper secrets, with clues to the 4th Period of History, he one to come.  We’ll open the seal on that chamber in our next post…

Ezra

Creation by Design; Renewed Every year.

As we complete the 22 days of the holidays and reestablish the relationship between the Zeir Anpin and Malchut (Heaven and Earth so to speak) for another year, we read once again the story of Creation. Before even finishing the holiday, just after we finish the 7th hakifot (encircling) with the lulov and doing the 7 hakifot with the Torah, both associated with Zeir Anpin, we read the first 32 verses of Creation, the verses that establish the 7 days of Creation.  This is of design, not convenience.

The 32 verses of Creation, as well established by Chazal, connect to the 32 Paths of Wisdom, the Tree-of-Life. And as we explained in a previous post, similarly the ordinal value of the word Lulov, which is 32, does as well, and moreover, they both connect to the Alter at the center of the Third Temple, which measures 32 x 32 cubits.

What was not previously explained was that the 6 verses in which each of the first 6 days were completed in, thus establishing the 6 sefirot (dimensions) of Zeir Anpin, are the verses #5, 8, 13, 19, 23, and 31 of the Torah’s first chapter. The numbers 5 + 8 +13 + 19+ 23 + 31 = 99 and in the 1st verse of the 2nd chapter G-d completed Creating Heavean and Earth, plus 99 + 1 = 100, a level of perfection kabbalistically speaking, but also the square of 10 (sefirot) and the complete value of the word Lulov, (68 + 32 = 100), and also the measure of the inner courtyard surrounding the Alter at the center of the Future Holy Temple, 100 x 100 cubits.

This also corresponds to the sum of the ordinal values of the first 10 letters of the Torah (BREShYT BRE E) “In the beginning was created Alef:” 2+20+1+21+10+22+2+2+1+1 = 100, once again perfection and the square of the 10 sefirot.  And it should be noted that teh composite value of the letter Alef is 32, which is why it’s associated with the Tree-of-life.

As we said, when we complete the 7th day, Malchut, firmly establishing the 7 sefirot and 7 days of Creation in the 1st verse of the 2nd chapter, we have a total value of the verses as 100 which corresponds to the 100 blowings of the shofar on Rosh Hashannah that began the Holiday process 22 days ago.

This is all by design to reestablish our connection to the Tree-of-Life EVERY year, every year through the period of the Third Temple, which according to the prophecy of the tzaddikim should happen in about 7 years from now (around 5778).

Please note that 5778 is 66.6 jubilee years from the reception of the Torah at Sinai in 2448, and we mention this because as was explained in book The Genesis Prayer the number 5913 is also derived from a beautiful equation based on the 7 days of Creation and the kabbalistic principal that energy is never lost.

Before we get into the equation please note that in the 6 days of Creation there are 66 times the letter combination for the word “sea” appears (YM) of numerical value 50, the same as the length of the jubilee year, 50 years.  According to chazal, whenever we see the combination (YM) as in Elohim (ELHYM) it represents the sefira of Binah (understanding).

And as for Elohim (ELHYM) it is found 32 times in those same verses of the 6 Days of Creation. Whether it’s the lulov, or the Torah or the Alter in the Future Holy Temple, we’re tapping into the Tree-of-Life , and drawing the light (energy) from Binah through the 6 dimensions of Zeir Anpin into the 7th, Malchut, the world of matter and limitation.

Abraham, the Patriarch, taught us in his Sefer Yetzirah several thousand years ago that 7 factorial is 7 x 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 5040, and when we apply that to 6 factorial and again for each of the 7 days of Creation and then add them together, we get (5040 + 720 + 120 + 24 + 6+ 2 + 1) = 5913 and even more significant, we know that the 10 Commandments and thus the 2nd opportunity of the Tree-of-Life reality was received on Shavuot 2448, or the exact Western date 5/9/1313 BCE (some say 5/9/1312 BCE, but it’s still 5/9/13).

Of further note is that 7 factorial and 6 factorial together total 5760 and (5 and 4 factorial) = 144 and (5 and 4 and 3 and 1 factorial = 151.  So, while 5760 is the year 2000 CE, the spiritual cleaning bath, or mikve has the numerical value of 151 (same as the higher name of G-d, Ehyeh) and it contains 40 seah each of 144 eggs, for a total volume of 5760 eggs, as prescribed by chazal.  It was based on this calculation for the mikve and divine inspiration that Rav Abraham Azulai of blessed memory, prophesied that the  Geula/Moshiach  process would begin in 5760 (2000 CE) and this period of Oy and Ashray could conceivably last for the 18 years until 5778 as fits the other prophecies, especially since the square root of 18 is 4.24, the numerical value of Moshiach Ben David.

Everything is by design.